The Best Oily Skin Care Products
Your genetic makeup is largely responsible for determining your skin type. Oily skin develops when your body produces an oversupply of the oily secretion of the sebaceous glands called sebum. Sebum protects the skin and helps keep it hydrated. If you have oily skin, it is more likely to develop acne than normal or dry skin, according to the Mayo Clinic. Using products intended to prevent and treat acne as well as water-based creams and sunscreens that won't block pores can benefit oily skin types.
Washing your skin up to three times per day with a mild cleanser and warm water can help keep oil buildup to a minimum and keep pores clear, according to Holisticonline.com. If you cleanse more frequently or use harsh products, you may actually encourage your skin to produce more oil as it works to compensate for unnecessary dryness.
Prescription retinoid creams such as tretinoin, brand name Retin A; tazarotene, sold as Tazorac; and to a lesser extent, over-the-counter products that contain retinol may help relieve oily skin, according to Dermadoctor. com.
Retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that are commonly prescribed to fight acne. They encourage cell turnover and keep hair follicles clear. Retinoids can cause skin irritation in the form of flaking and redness.
Astringents help clear away oil and debris and destroy bacteria. These drying agents can be applied to your skin with a cotton ball. Astringents often contain aluminum acetate that minimizes oil production.
Astringents are only advisable when skin is extremely oil, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.
Glycolic Acid and Salicylic Acid
Glycolic acid is an alpha hydroxy acid that works as an exfoliating agent to clear excess oil from the skin. It can also help to unblock pores.
Salicylic acid is a beta hydroxy acid that prevents pores from becoming blocked by slowing the discarding of cells in the hair follicles, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Alpha and beta hydroxy acids are man-made versions of acids derived from sugar-containing fruits. They can cause mild skin irritation and dryness, especially when overused.
Oil-Free Sunscreens and Cosmetics
Using water-based toiletries, cosmetics and sunscreens designed for oily skin can help prevent a buildup of sebum. Look for products labeled noncomedogenic, which means they won't cause blackheads or whiteheads, or non-acnegenic products, which help prevent the formation of pimples, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
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