Anorexia nervosa: definition
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder. The disease is characterized by a pathological desire to not gaining weight, fear of eating. It follows an avoidance behavior or part of food that can alternate with episodes of bulimia.
Anorexia Nervosa: Causes
The disease occurs without warning, it is often due to an event that may seem trivial but the important psychological repercussions (academic or sentimental disappointment, grief) or following a diet.Symptoms caused, behavioral and physical, often go unnoticed.Yet it is important to recognize early in order to detect the disease earlier. The maturity of medical care is an important factor in healing and helps prevent too severe impairment of the body.Statistics show a gender gap with 95% of women (15 to 25 years) and 5% men.
Anorexia nervosa: symptoms
In addition to his physical appearance marked by thinness, the anorexic can be distinguished by the denial of the disease, dysmorphic disorder (fixation on a part of her body that she is unattractive). A concern with respect to food that does not overweight. Refusal to feed, a marked attention in the choice of the lighter foods, small portions only. Sometimes, periods of intense diet are interspersed access bulimic. The patient then feels very guilty, hides and compensates by being sick. The anorexic is also characterized by poor social behavior with difficulties in communicating and establishing romantic relationships. The family situation may lead to conflict.
Anorexia Nervosa: Prevention
These disorders mainly affect adolescent girls tend to focus on body image. Future anorexics live harder than other pubertal period, when key physical and mental maturation. Diagnosis and treatment occur later, especially for the anorexic, because families do not see right away the seriousness of the situation. Sudden weight change, weight loss of at least 10%, amenorrhea (no periods), excessive concern about body image, nutrition, and poor self-esteem must, experts say be considered as warning signs of anorexic behavior. They should lead to quick reference.
Anorexia nervosa: review
The doctor did a complete physical examination during which it checks the weight, blood pressure, pulse, etc.. He questions in detail to determine eating habits. According to information obtained, additional tests may be performed to rule out other pathology. Hospitalization is sometimes necessary if the prognosis is engaged. If suicidal tendencies or the slowing of the heart is such that there is a risk of cardiac arrest.
Anorexia Nervosa: Treatment
Treatment should be rather specialized. It consists of a nutritional care by setting realistic weight goals and reduce food restriction. A treatment by a psychiatrist after a return to the weight set and the reappearance of the rules and against the psychological state of depression and anxiety related to the resumption of weight. Family therapy may also be considered. The major obstacle is the anorexic's denial of their illness refuses care. When survival is at stake in most cases of malnutrition, the use of enteral nutrition forced discontinuous-up is essential.
Anorexia nervosa: evolution
The effects on the body are thin, irregular or cessation of menstruation, constipation causing the abuse of laxatives, resulting in a loss of potassium cause cramps. A hair growth, as a down on the cheeks, arms and back, hair and brittle nails and excessive nervousness. Faced with the deficiencies, the body slows its metabolism, thyroid hormone production decreases, blood pressure drops ... Nutritional deficiencies slow and sometimes stop the growth. They predispose to osteoporosis (calcium deficiency). There are, in severe anorexia, severe depression with suicide risk and substance abuse.
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