Acute diarrhea in children
Acute diarrhea in children: definition
Acute diarrhea is defined by the existence of more than three bowel movements of soft or liquid within the last 3 days.
Chronic diarrhea is defined by the existence of diarrhea lasting more than 3 months.
Acute diarrhea in children: causes
Acute diarrhea is due in most cases a virus called Rotavirus.
Aggression viral causes inappropriate secretion of water in the digestive tract makes the stools.
Acute diarrhea in children: prevention
Most viral diarrhea contracted in the community. If a family member has diarrhea, it should wash hands before and after eating, after any change layer in the case of an infant.
When traveling in tropical countries, it should drink only bottled water to avoid acute diarrhea that are not caused by viruses to bacteria, but this time the best known is Salmonella.
Acute diarrhea in children: review
In most cases, no test is useful in diarrhea.
If there is mucus or blood diarrhea accompanied with fever, a biological examination of feces (stool) is needed.
Acute diarrhea in children: treatment
The only drug needed in the treatment of acute diarrhea is a rehydration drink. This is a solution that contains both water, salt and sugar in sufficient quantities. It should be diluted one sachet in 200 ml of water and offer it at will on a regular basis to the infant.
This compensates for any losses caused by water diarrhea. This is the principle of "basket full of holes" is trying to drink the infant in an amount equal to what it lost in the stool.
Dressings diosmectite intestinal type may be prescribed a diet and anti-diarrhea (rice, carrots, dairy products off ...).
What should you do?
We must therefore weigh the infant routinely. It is easy to watch for signs of dehydration: loss of weight or eyes that appear hollow and sunken, or a fontanelle (top of the skull without bone) depressed, or dry mucous membranes.
If breastfeeding, it will resume breastfeeding after 6 hours of rehydration by the oral rehydration solution pre city.
If artificial feeding or solid foods should be back after 6 hours of the same system than before avoiding foods laxatives (greens).
In addition to the normal diet, we always offer small amounts of oral rehydration solution.
Acute diarrhea in children: evolution
Acute diarrhea is a mild disease.
The evolution depends on the weight loss. Indeed acute diarrhea puts them at risk of dehydration which results in weight loss in an infant.
Weight control will be the sole judge of a favorable outcome.
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