Dermatologist Recommended Mature Skin Care
Dermatologists are trained to scientifically evaluate how well the skin is aging in general, whether there is damage and how deep it goes. Then they recommend treatment. At the 63rd annual meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) in New Orleans, doctors discussed how skin ages and what treatments might be employed to reverse the ravages of time.
Skin Begins to Age
Usually, skin first begins to age in your 20s, the production of collagen (extracellular protein fiber) begins to slow down and connective tissue starts to lose elasticity. Dead skin cells do not shed and are not replaced as quickly as in the past. The collagen fibers that provide strength to skin and bone begin to diminish. None of this shows up right away, but maturing skin eventually develops fine wrinkles, becomes less firm, more dry.
The Process Continues
Your genes control skin maturation. Over time, epidermis, dermis, and underlying tissues diminish. Textures change. Skin becomes thinner and more easily bruised. Spots and bumps appear. Hair and nails are affected. The dermatologist may eventually suggest tissue replacement like solid implants, placed under the skin, or fat transfer from other parts of your body. These fill in deeper wrinkles and restore the contours of the face.
Long-term overexposure to sun and wind causes most of the damage to mature skin. Everyone is vulnerable to "photo-aging," but light-skinned people are especially at risk. Another major cause of damage to both inside and outside of skin is smoking. Dermatologists have a variety ways to improve the appearance of damaged skin, including laser resurfacing, where pulses from a laser are used to rejuvenate tone and texture and minimize fine lines.
Laugh Lines and Crow's Feet
Facial expressions affect skin. You can't prevent feelings, but the AAD recommends you avoid facial exercises. One treatment is surgical implantation of wrinkle fillers. Injecting purified botulinum toxin into facial muscles paralyzes them so skin flattens and appears smoother and less wrinkled. Mayo Clinic offers this treatment but cautions the toxin can spread, causing swallowing difficulties, muscle weakness, slurred speech or breathing problems. Fillers and toxins offer immediate improvement in appearance but both are temporary.
A consequence of life on earth is lifelong exposure to gravity. In middle age the skin's elasticity declines dramatically. The results of endless gravitational force become evident: the tip of your nose may droop, ears elongate, eyelids fall, jowls form. And that's just your face. Dermatology's remedy is an extreme measure: surgery.
Resting your face on the pillow in the same way every night leads to wrinkles. Called sleep lines, they become etched on the surface of the skin and remain when you're up and awake. There is one remedy that is not extreme: sleeping on your back. Unfortunately, not everyone is able to do this.
Prevention, the Best Intervention
Aging Skin Net recommends using anti-aging lotions, creams and gels. To minimize problems of skin as it matures, the AAD advises you wear sunscreen every day. In addition: Do NOT tan. Do NOT smoke. Drink plenty of water and eat a healthy diet. Moisturize lavishly. Use products as directed. Don't use too many topical preparations at once. Test products on your forearm before use. Avoid products that sting. Keep on using products in order to maintain good results. Avoid do-it-yourself procedures with treatments offered online. Check your skin regularly and ask your doctor about having a routine body scan. Unusual skin changes may be a sign of a more serious medical problem
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