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Acner.org: Acne treatment

Dermatology Treatment for Dark Spots

Dermatology Treatment for Dark Spots Dermatology Treatment for Dark Spots

Over-exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun can cause the skin's melanin-producing cells--the melanocytes-- to make too much pigment.This often results in the development of dark, oval-shaped brown or black spots commonly called age spots or liver spots.

Additionally, the skin irritation caused by chronic acne can overstimulate the melanocytes as well, leaving dark spots on the skin once the blemishes have cleared. While these hyperpigmentation conditions are harmless, you may wish to correct them for cosmetic purposes. Your dermatologist has several treatment options that can improve the appearance of dark spots on the skin.

Microdermabrasion

This mildly-invasive cosmetic procedure uses an abrasive tool to scrape away the top layer of dull surface cells that covers the epidermis. This can generate a modest improvement in the appearance of age spots. Microdermabrasion is relatively painless and causes few side effects, which include redness or mild swelling. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends between five and 16 microdermabrasion sessions for best results.

Photofacial

Excess pigment deposits in the skin absorb the high-intensity, multi-wavelength light beam emitted from a photofacial treatment. This causes the damaged cells to break apart and be flushed out of the skin in the days following the treatment. Photofacials are non-invasive and can generate a few minimal side effects, such as redness or mild swelling. For best results, the University of Texas physicians recommend a series of three to five photofacial sessions.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels use various plant acids to loosen the uppermost layers of the skin and cause them to peel away, taking with them excess pigment deposits lodged within those layers. Chemical peels can be administered in three levels of potency, with the more aggressive peels generating the more dramatic results. However, with a deeper peel comes a greater potential for adverse side effects such as scarring, temporary or permanent skin color changes or infection.

Skin Bleaching Cream

Skin bleaching agents, such as hydroquinone, can fade discolorations by prohibiting pigment production in the skin. Your dermatologist can prescribe a topical cream with a concentration of 4 percent hydroquinone. DermNet NZ, the website for the New Zealand Dermatological society, asserts that you must apply the cream twice daily for up to four weeks for a lightening effect to occur.

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