The Best Skin Care for Oily Skin
The National Institutes of Health discount diet as a cause of oily skin and place more emphasis on genes and hormones. A skin-care regimen that involves nightly care and special treatments done on a regular schedule each month are necessary for keeping oily skin healthy. Oil buildup creates blocked skin pores that contribute to acne infections.
Causes of Oily Skin
Analyzing the location of oily skin is important to defining the best individual skin care regimen. The upper chin, nose and and forehead, along with the chest, back and buttocks, usually have the most oily skin. In contrast, the area under the eyes, on the neck and below the chin typically have lower levels of oil. Some people simply have oilier skin than others, and may be prone to acne outbreaks on the upper thighs, both on the front and back of the legs. A skin survey is important in determining an individual skin program.
Determining the causes of oily skin is critical to care. Diet has no effect on oil production, according to the Mayo Clinic. The type of clothing worn for both work and play, however, does influence skin-care practices. Heavy work clothes, tight shirt collars or cuffs, and the use of a backpack inhibit normal pore function and require additional steps to prevent acne outbreaks on oily skin. Use of equipment that rests on areas of the face, such as cellphones, increases the amount of dirt in the pores and contributes to acne creation on oily skin.
Products selected for use with oily skin must be labeled "noncomedogenic," meaning they do not clog the pores, according to the Mayo Clinic. Products made with water are also suitable for oily skin. The Mayo Clinic also states that oily skin requires moisturizer, even more so after treatment with acne products designed to dry out infected or inflamed pores.
Several types of soap may be necessary, depending on the location of oily skin on the body. For people with allergic reactions to soap, soapless cleaning alternatives are the answer. An oily skin face product may be used on the back, chest and neck, but a general cleanser for the remainder of the body will save money if a drying cleanser is not required for other areas.
A general astringent is also required for use during the evening, and sometimes as a refresher during the day, to keep pores free from oils and reduce creation of whiteheads, blackheads and inflammation. General astringents are also available in a pad product for use during the day. Harsh chemical treatments are not recommended, as they create additional oil and contribute to acne.
Cleaning is critical to keeping skin oils from creating acne and pore infections. Scrubbing the skin, however, may create problems, according to the Mayo Clinic, including additional oil production and patches of raw red skin. A washcloth is suitable for the face and neck and a bath brush may be used on the back, stomach, legs and arms, but highly abrasive brushes and cloths should not be used on a regular basis.
Depending on the amount of oil, a mildly abrasive skin scrub or cleansing crystals should be used once a week to remove dead skin and oils from pores.
Night is the perfect time to allow the skin to breathe naturally, without makeup or clothing that contributes to oil production and pore blockage. Never go to bed without removing makeup or cleaning the skin. A shower is necessary to clean the pores before sleeping.
Cleansing with a rough washcloth on highly oily areas is necessary to remove oils. Use of drying products on small areas of inflammation discourages major infection. An astringent applied to the oily skin areas will keep skin free of oil throughout the night.
Patience is necessary in observing results of a skin-care regimen. Improvement may take months to be visible, but small improvements should be seen after four to six weeks of regular care. Each person's skin is different. If a basic skin-care plan proves to be ineffective, better results will achieved by consulting a skin-care professional for advice.
Special care--including oil-absorbing gels, skin peels and topical antibiotics--may be required to reduce clogged pores and skin inflammation with some cases of oily skin, according to the National Institutes of Health.
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