Remedy for Brown Spots
The color of your skin is created by small pigments of a substance called melanin. Within your skin are cells called melanocytes. These cells produce melanin and evenly distribute it in your skin. The more melanin present, the darker your skin will be. Unfortunately, sometimes melanocytes can develop too close together. This causes excess melanin to be created in one small spot, resulting in part of the skin being browner than the surrounding skin tissue. When this occurs, there are a few different treatment methods to return the skin spot to a more normal pigment.
Perform a chemical peel on the brown spot. Chemical peels can be performed by your dermatologist. An aesthetician can do a milder peel. Peeling treatments use specialized chemicals, ranging from strong phenol to milder hydroxy acids. When applied to brown spots on the skin, these chemicals separate the outer layer of affected skin from the rest of the skin tissue, allowing the outer layer to peel off. As the outer layer is removed, less pigmented skin cells are revealed. With several treatments, chemical peels can bring back a more normal skin tone to the affected area.
Schedule a microdermabrasion treatment. Microdermabrasion acts like a chemical peel in that it removes the outer layer of affected skin, revealing a lighter color of skin beneath. Microdermabrasion uses a specialized tool that propels small crystals of aluminum oxide or zinc oxide at the skin. The abrasiveness of these crystals removes the outer layer of skin cells, which can then be vacuumed off the face with a microdermabrasion vacuum tool.
Apply a bleaching cream to the affected area. Bleaching creams containing the active ingredient hydroquinone can be used to reduce the melanin in the spotted area. According to the New Zealand Dermatological Society, hydroquinone works by both reducing the amount of melanin being produced in the affected area and breaking down the excess melanin that has created the spot. Bleaching cream does not work instantly and may need to be applied for several months before full effects are seen.
Schedule a laser spot removal treatment. The wavelengths of lasers can be augmented to target and destroy melanin in the skin. According to the Mayo Clinic, several costly treatments may be needed. Full results may be apparent in a few weeks to as long as a few months.
Use cryotherapy to reduce the melanin in the affected area. Cryotherapy is the practice of freezing the brown spots on the skin using liquid nitrogen. The freezing destroys the excess melanin in the skin, resulting in lighter skin as the treated skin heals.
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