Cause of Pimples & Acne on the Face
Acne is a very common skin condition that affects almost 8 in 10 teens, as well as many adults, reports TeensHealth from Nemours. Acne occurs when the pores of your skin become clogged with oil and dead skin. This traps bacteria that can cause red, swollen bumps. The specific causes of acne can vary, and some are still not fully understood. By eliminating some known acne causing factors, you can improve the skin on your face.
One of the primary causes of acne, according to the Mayo Clinic, is hormonal change that occurs in teenagers, premenstrual and pregnant women and people using certain medications. Changes in your hormones can cause your body to produce an excess of sebum, its natural oil; this contributes to clogged pores. If other people in your family have had facial acne problems, you're more likely to have them, too.
You may have heard that eating fatty foods, chocolate or other junk food will cause acne breakouts. However, Acne.org states that this is unlikely. "The only real answer we have at this point in our research," website author Dan Kern states, "is we don't know for sure." However, the right diet might affect your facial acne in positive ways: A low-glycemic diet with lots of veggies, fruit, seafood and grass-fed meats can stabilize your insulin levels, possibly causing your hormones to stabilize and control breakouts.
Hygiene and Acne
The Mayo Clinic warns that acne isn't caused by dirt. In fact, scrubbing too hard or using harsh soaps can irritate your face, making your acne worse. Instead of irritating your skin with harsh chemicals, the Mayo Clinic recommends using a gentle cleanser to wash regularly, applying an over-the-counter acne lotion containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid and avoiding touching your face. In particular, avoid picking or squeezing blemishes; this can cause further infection, even scarring.
Tanning and Cosmetics
TeensHealth from Nemours writes that a tan can temporarily make your acne look less severe. However, your skin might respond to sun exposure by producing more sebum, which can make acne even worse. The Mayo Clinic adds that certain acne products can make your skin more sensitive to sun damage. Even sunscreens can be irritants. Always look for sunscreen marked "noncomedogenic." This goes for makeup and other beauty products, as well. Greasy cosmetics, hair products, even acne concealers can clog your pores.
Acne.org states that stress can aggravate your facial acne. When you're stressed out emotionally or physically, it causes an inflammatory response and raises the levels of your acne-causing hormones. This includes lack of sleep, too much or too little activity, smoking and drug use. The Mayo Clinic also states that acne can be caused by simple friction on your skin caused by using your cell phone or wearing a sports helmet.
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