Dry Skin & Enlarged Pores
As you age, you may find that your skin is giving you more and more problems. As if wrinkles and fine lines were not already bothersome, now there's the dryness and enlarged pores that comes from years of exposure to the sun, inappropriate skincare, and the overall effects of aging. Since dry skin and enlarged pores are a common complaint, many treatments and preventative tactics have arisen to combat these skin problems.
Your face and body are covered in hair, which grows from pores. According to DermaDoctor, pores provide a gateway for protective skin oils to reach the surface of your skin. Prior to your early twenties, pores are so small that they are generally unnoticeable or at least not bothersome, but, over time, they can begin to enlarge.
Blackheads are often the culprit of enlarged pores since they plug the pores, causing their sizes to expand. As your skin ages, it loses elasticity, so that, by the time you're in your late twenties, even after a blackhead is removed, the skin no longer has the bounce-back factor of elasticity and remains stretched out of its natural shape. According to DermaDoctor, sun damage and a lack of exfoliation can also lead to enlarged pores.
Under most circumstances, a person with dry skin will not have pores as noticeable as an individual with oily skin since oils draw attention to the pores, making them appear larger, and oily skin is also more prone to blackheads and blemishes. However, this is not always the case.
Dry skin feels tight, flakes and often has dead skin cells on the surface. According to DermaDoctor, these dead skin cells can expand the diameter of pores. Many people who have large pores fall into combination skin types, which feature a variation of dry and oily areas. A person with combination skin often has an oily T-zone, which is the area encompassing your forehead, the length of your nose and ends at your chin. The T-zone will often have the most visible pores, while the cheeks tend to be the driest areas. Skin also tends to be drier in the winter.
Avoid products making claims to reduce the size of your pores since it is impossible to make your pores smaller once they are enlarged. There are treatment options that reduce the appearance of the pores, but once your pore has been stretched beyond its natural size, it will permanently remain the new size.
Exfoliating your skin two to three times per week with an over-the-counter scrub or microdermabrasion kit will remove dead skill cells from the surface, which helps to reduce the appearance of enlarged pores. A chemical peel performed by a dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon is also an option for removing top layers of skin, which will not reduce the size of the pores, but will reduce their depth, making them appear less visible.
A dermatologist may also recommend a topical vitamin A treatment, which, according to DermaDoctor, will loosen blackhead plugs and reduce pore visibility.
According to "Beauty: The New Basics" by Rona Berg, be sure to wash your face at bedtime so it's free of make-up and debris, which can clog pores. When you wake up in the morning, use only lukewarm water to remove any oils that accumulated on your skin overnight. Unless suggested differently by a dermatologist or you sweat profusely at night, it's unnecessary to use soap the following morning since your face will not be subject to make-up, dirt or debris while you sleep. According to "Beauty," aggressively cleaning your skin can cause dryness by removing necessary surface lipids.
Use a moisturizer specific to your skin type and apply small amounts at a time throughout the day. If you glob moisturizer onto your dry skin, it can lead to clogged pores and blackheads.
Do not stop exfoliating once your pores' appearances are reduced. Continue to exfoliate two to three times per week to prevent future blackheads and dry skin from building up and exposing your pores.
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