Causes of Severe Blackheads
Blackheads are a visible black spot on the surface of the skin. Most people experience blackheads on the skin at some point in life. They are due to a plug of debris made of oil and dead skin in a pore, notes MedlinePlus. Blackheads can appear on the chin, cheeks, nose and other areas of the face or body. Blackheads can arise for a variety of reasons and often spike in occurrence during the teenage years, notes NYU Langone Medical Center.
Failure to Clean Skin Regularly
Blackheads can appear due to lack of regularly cleaning the skin. If dirt, sebum, or oil, or makeup are allowed to stay on the skin during sleep, they can cause pores to become clogged and then blackheads will appear. It is important to wash skin at least once or twice a day, notes MedlinePlus.
Wearing oil based makeup or lotions can cause blackheads and acne. Use only water-based products or those that are labeled "non-comedogenic," notes MedlinePlus. These products have undergone tests to show that they do not clog pores.
Touching the Face
Touching the face with the fingers or picking at blackheads or pimples can spread infection or debris that will clog pores and create new blackhead, notes MedlinePlus. Keep hands away from the face. This prevents contamination of the skin via moving germs onto the pores.
Changes in Hormone Levels
Fluctuations in hormone levels, such as an increase in androgens, the male hormones, can cause a spike in appearance of blackheads and acne, notes NYU Langone Medical Center. When hormone levels change during the adolescence and then later at midlife when menopause begins for women, blackheads can become more problematic. Blackheads are also often seen during pregnancy or during the menstrual period, times when hormone levels have frequent variations.
Changes in Hair Follicles
Changes in the hair follicle, such as contact with bacteria or skin debris, can cause a blackhead to occur, notes NYU Langone Medical Center. The skin is ever rejuvenating itself. As old cells die and more through the pores, the hair follicle can get contaminated with debris and cause an outbreak of blackheads and other types of acne.
Dealing with Blackheads
Don’t expect your blackheads to disappear overnight. Remember which factors lead to them, and chose your treatment accordingly. Always drink lots of water to balance out your body chemistry and eliminate toxins. If your pores are very large, then you might want to consider a trip to your dermatologist for medications that can shrink the opening while giving your skin a much needed break.There is also a mix of natural and commercial products that can help.
Here is a breakdown of general steps how to get rid of blackheads:
1. Wash your face with a gentle cleanser twice a day.
2. Treat yourself right. So that means lots of water, good diet, and adequate sleep.
3. Make sure your hands are clean if you touch your face.
4. Apply acne cream and moisturizer if needed.
5. If a blackhead forms, and you don’t see it slipping out by itself easily, then squeeze it out. But make sure to wash your face and hands first. Soften your skin (cheeks and nose) with a warm towel. Squeeze out the blackhead, and follow up with a touch of acne cream. This is how to remove blackheads the safest way.
6. Other harsher treatments like face masks, scrubs, or exfoliants are only appropriate for less serious cases of acne. People with severe acne or sensitive skin should stay well away from anything that is abrasive to your skin. Consult your dermatologist if you are interested in using any harsher methods, or if you just can’t seem to get rid of blackheads on your own.
Mistakes to Avoid
There are products on the market that are designed to focus on black heads. You have probably seen the strips that fit over your nose to remove blackheads. These are quite popular among many people, but they are more for spot treatments. So they definitely do work, but the blackheads will be likely to return if you don’t change anything else. You can also try to exfoliate your skin to eliminate the dead cells and allow your skin to breathe more freely. There are also scrubs that will be slightly abrasive to your skin while scrubbing blackheads out of the pores. You can try any of these methods fow how to remove blackheads, but don’t overdo it.
Moisture is key – don’t allow your skin to get too dry or it could lead to even more oily skin! One of the worse things you can do with blackheads is to further aggravate your skin. So that means excessive picking, prodding, poking, scrubbing, or wiping. When you stimulate you skin like that, it can actually make your oil glands even more active. You can also end up drying out your skin and creating more dead cells. Clearly, dealing with how to remove blackheads is not about brute force. Don’t expect great results if all you ever do is manipulate them out of your skin.
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