Scars are form when the tissues on the skin get damaged. In case of Acne this usually occurs when the body becomes inflamed by sebum, dead skin cells in the plugged sebaceous follicle, and bacteria.
When skin tissues get damaged, the body begins to repair it with the help of White blood cells and inflammatory molecules. These stay at the spot of active acne cuts and wounds for weeks trying to repair tissues and preventing infection. At the end of the job they sometimes make the tissues fibrous giving rise to Scars.
The repairing process usually takes time and differs from one individual to another, as some people are more prone to scarring than others. The most ugly acne scars are formed when a person is suffering through nodulocystic acne, which develops deep within the skin tissue. Acne scars sometimes diminish in appearance and size with age and time but preventing them altogether is quite difficult because we can only prevent things, which we can predict, but it is very difficult to predict frequency and intensity of acne scars. The only thing we can do to prevent and limit the formation of these scars is by treating them as early as possible. This reduces the extent of inflammation, which is the main cause of noticeable scarring. Scars are classified into four types ice pick scars, boxcar scars, hypertrophic scars and rolling scars.
Ice-pick scars usually occur on the cheek of a person and are comparatively small in size with jagged edges and steep sides. They usually extend into the deep dermis or subcutaneous layer and are hard or soft to the touch. It is very difficult to treat ice-pick scars with skin resurfacing treatments such as dermabrasion or laser resurfacing. Soft scars can be improved by stretching the skin; hard ice-pick scars cannot be stretched out.
Boxcar scars are round to oval in shape and have sharp vertical edges. These are usually shallow scars, which can easily be treated with skin resurfacing techniques.
Rolling scars appear as waves or hills on the surface of the skin. The actual damage is under the surface of the skin, which can be treated by breaking up the subcutaneous fibrous bands but can not cured with normal resurfacing techniques.
Hypertrophic scars are formed by increased tissue formation. They are associated with the Overproduction of collagen, which becomes piled up, in fibrous masses giving rise to a firm, smooth and irregularly shaped scar. Hypertrophic scars are usually hereditary and run in the family. They may exist for years but size gets diminish after some time.
It is very difficult to prevent and cure scars from acne because they don't go away easily. The best way to deal with this type of problem is to start the treatment plan as soon as possible in order to lessen the severity of scars. Following are some simple steps you should follow to prevent your acne from turning into ugly scars:1. As soon as you develop a pimple consult your dermatologist about the likelihood of scarring. 2. When your scar is new allow it to breathe properly and do not try to aggravate it. 3. Use an antibacterial soap to keep your skin clean and free of dirt. 4. Avoid direct sunlight rays on the affected areas. 5. Apply any suitable healing cream daily on the affected area. 6. Apply vitamin E oil on the scarred area every night. 7. Every morning Apply a light moisturizer with sunscreen to the affected area.8. Always keep your hands and nails clean and away from blemishes to prevent acne scars. 9. Use silicone sheets as these encourages hydration and softening of the scar. These should be worn at night before going to bed but they sometimes cause sweat rashes or irritation.
The main objective of treating scars is to give the skin a more acceptable and attractive look. Your skin especially your face looses its actual charm due to these ugly scars. It is not possible to bring the skin completely back to the way it looked before but at least an effective and timely treatment of scars can bring significant improvement. Although one cannot prevent the acne scars from forming the extent of the inflammation can be diminished, which reduces the likelihood of more noticeable scars. There are a number of treatments available for treating these ugly scars but each of them has a number of disadvantages and advantages. The best thing to do is to consult a dermatologist who will prescribe a course of treatment that will best meet your unique needs. This instruction holds more importance for people who are more prone to developing scars because they are the ones who have high risk of developing scarring.
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