Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Adult Acne Tips

Adult Acne Tips Adult Acne Tips

Acne is most often associated with the teenage years, but it can continue well past that time. In some people, persistent acne never goes away after adolescence. Other people may develop late-onset acne that returns after being absent for many years. Both persistent acne and late-onset acne are more common in women, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Several tips can help you reduce flare-ups due to adult acne.

Use Topical Medications

Pimple creams are not just for teenagers. Topical creams, gels and lotions contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, sulfur, resorcinol or lactic acid. These ingredients help to clear up mild acne by killing bacteria, drying skin oils and causing skin to flake from acne lesions. If over-the-counter medication is not effective, your doctor can prescribe a topical medication that combines benzoyl peroxide and an antimicrobial medication used to inhibit bacterial growth. Stubborn acne may benefit from treatment with a vitamin A derivative, such as tarazotene or tretinoin. These medications prevent clogged hair follicles and promote skin cell turnover, according to MayoClinic.com.

Try Oral Medications

If you are a woman and suddenly notice adult acne, your hormones may be to blame. Hormonal changes and fluctuations caused by pregnancy, menstruation and menopause can trigger acne. Medications that control female hormones, including birth control pills and spironolactone, can help to reduce acne outbreaks. If you are pregnant, chances are you won't be able to take any medication during your pregnancy, but will experience a reduction in acne after your baby is born. If acne occurs at menopause and is accompanied by insomnia, mood swings, thinning hair and anxiety, hormone replacement therapy may be recommended, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.

Whether you are male or female, doctors may prescribe oral antibiotics to reduce inflammation and bacteria on the skin. Antibiotics are usually used in conjunction with topical medications. Dermatologists prescribe isotretinoin if you have severe cystic acne. Isotretinoin can cause serious birth defects and women who take the drug must use an effective means of birth control while taking the medication.

Use Cosmetic Procedures

The same procedures used to remove wrinkles are also effective in treating acne. Light therapy is used for bacteria, while laser treatment causes a reduction in oil production by damaging oil glands, according to MayoClinic.com. Microdermabrasion and chemical peels remove the top layers of skin that contain acne lesions. Both procedures have side effects, including reddening of the skin, blistering and flaking.

Follow Skin Care Recommendations

Cleaning the face daily with a mild facial cleanser helps to remove oils and bacteria that can cause acne. Gentle pressure should be applied when washing the face, as rough scrubbing causes skin irritation that may worsen acne. Washing the hair regularly is also important in controlling acne. Oil from the hair can find its way to your face and clog pores. In addition to removing natural oils from your face, it is important to avoid using products that contain oil. Look for water-based cosmetics and skin products or products labeled non-comedogenic. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends wearing sunscreen daily, as some acne medications can make the skin more sensitive to the sun.

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