Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Possible Causes of Acne

Possible Causes of Acne Possible Causes of Acne Possible Causes of Acne

Acne is an annoying, psychologically distressing skin condition. According to MayoClinic.com, acne is a broad term used to describe pimples and blemishes. Acne can affect anyone; however, it most commonly affects teenagers due to their hormonal fluctuations. Prescription and certain home remedies can often help to alleviate or lessen acne flare-ups, lesions and scars.

Hormones

Hormones are a main cause of the development of acne, according to the Acne Resource Center Online. High levels of certain hormones, including androgen and testosterone, cause oily skin, which often leads to acne. Androgens are hormones that can occur in excess in the bloodstream, causing a flareup of the sebaceous glands, which are responsible for producing skin oil. Androgens are often out of balance during puberty, explaining the frequent onset of acne in pre-teens and teenagers. Testosterone is present in both males and females and also triggers overactivity of the sebaceous glands. This occurs to a greater extent in boys, explaining why they often have much more severe cases of acne.

Bacteria

Bacteria is another possible cause of acne. According to the American Academy of Dermatology AcneNet website, bacteria normally live on the surface of your skin, but thrive when your skin secretes excessive amounts of oil. When the excess oil plugs and clogs your pores, the bacteria increases and causes an inflammation of the pores. This causes the resulting pimple or whitehead to become inflamed, red and irritated. The inflammation can spread deep into your pores, causing a cyst. Cysts are the worst type of acne and can cause severe pain and scarring.

Genetics

Genetics plays an important role in determining whether you have a higher likelihood of developing acne, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Some researchers think that you can inherit acne from your parents.

Medications

Prescription drugs like lithium and cortisone or stopping birth control pills can increase your chances of developing acne, according to National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. These medications can cause hormonal fluctuations that cause an increase in sebum production, which can potentially result in the development of acne.

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