At-Home Treatment for Acne Bumps
Acne develops when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells, causing inflammation. Acne is a common skin disease, according to the National Institutes of Health, affecting about 80 percent of Americans ages 11 to 30. Typically, acne can be treated with over-the-counter medications. If after four to six weeks you do not see improvement, you may want to consider a more aggressive treatment.
Preventing Acne Bumps
One of the best ways to prevent bumps from forming is to cleanse your skin twice a day. Remove all makeup and medications applied earlier in the day. In a study done by researchers at the Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology in 2007, participants who washed their skin with soap and water had less oil on their skin for four hours. The American Academy of Dermatology also suggests washing your skin after perspiring.
Shampoo your hair daily if you have oily hair, AcneNet, a website published by the American Academy of Dermatology, advises. Oily hair can cause acne bumps to appear along your hairline.
Benzoyl peroxide is available as a cream, gel and skin cleanser. It is used to kill P. acnes, the bacteria that cause acne and helps prevent future breakouts. It also works by drying the pimple and causing the top layer of skin to peel.
Salicylic acid is available in pad applicators, skin cleansers and topical skin creams. It works by slowing cells from shedding inside the hair follicle. Salicylic acid also helps break down whiteheads, which form pus-filled bumps on the skin.
Alpha Hydroxy Acid
Alpha hydroxy acids, including lactic and glycolic acids, work by minimizing the strength of the bonds that hold together acne cells. According to the Mayo Clinic, alpha hydroxy acids stimulate new cells to grow and reduce the appearance of inflammation and scars.
Sulfur prevents pores from becoming clogged by removing dead skin cells. Because sulfur can have a noxious odor, it is often combined with other medications, including benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid.
AcneNet warns that picking, popping and squeezing acne bumps can cause scarring, worsen your acne and irritate the skin. Rubbing alcohol, believed to dry oily skin, will not clear acne or prevent breakouts. It can actually cause breakouts and irritate your skin. Avoid using greasy hair products since they can get into your pores and cause acne.
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