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What Are the Treatments for Dark Spots on Skin?

What Are the Treatments for Dark Spots on Skin? What Are the Treatments for Dark Spots on Skin? What Are the Treatments for Dark Spots on Skin?

When confronted with perceived flaws on their face, most people immediately consider options for remedying those flaws. The cosmetics industry is built on it. Dark spots on the face are no different.

Causes Of Dark Spots On The Face

Commonly dark spots on the face are caused by photo-aging, damage from sun exposure. While mostly preventable, once they have formed, they are still treatable both at home and in a doctor's office. Some darks spots are due to acne and can be treated in much the same manner.

Over-The-Counter and Home Remedies

There are many home remedies available to treat dark spots. Some are more effective than others, but none are likely to achieve the same results as available from your dermatologist. A number of over-the-counter creams contain bleaching agents like hydroquinone. They work by blocking the enzyme that stimulates melanin production, melanin being the substance that is responsible for color and discoloration on the skin. Caution must be used with this home remedy because the surrounding skin can become unnaturally lightened if care is not taken during its application. Other types of topical creams contain retinoids. These stimulate more rapid cell growth by eliminating old cells, basically through chemical exfoliation. Products containing glycolic acid can also be used in a similar manner to exfoliate the skin and speed the rate of new skin cell production.

Medical Treatments

Many of the aforementioned creams are available at much stronger concentrations from a doctor. There are also other creams and procedures available at the prescription or doctor's office level. Azelaic acid is used both for the treatment of acne, which can also be a cause of darks spots due to post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and as a treatment for dark spots. This also works by blocking enzymes that help promote melanin production, and is gentle enough for most patients. Chemical peels, microdermabrasion and laser resurfacing are more invasive procedures, but they can produce great results in a short amount of time. They all involve removing outer layers of skin using chemicals or laser light, and do require healing time afterward.

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