Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

What Are the Treatments for Acne Prone Skin?

What Are the Treatments for Acne Prone Skin? What Are the Treatments for Acne Prone Skin?

Acne manifests as nodules and clogged pores in the skin. Blemishes range from clogged pores appearing as black or white spots to inflamed red or brown bumps. Mild acne or the occasional breakout may cause minor pain or embarrassment. Unfortunately, many people suffer from more moderate to severe acne, which may cause physical and emotional pain. No matter what the severity, making an appointment with a dermatologist is the first step toward effective acne treatment.

Benzoyl Peroxide

A multitude of over-the-counter, or OTC, acne washes and lotions contain benzoyl peroxide. This powerful ingredient effectively treats many mild cases of acne, but dermatologists often use it in combination with prescription medications as well. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, benzoyl peroxide focuses on excess oil production and skin bacteria, which contributes to inflamed blemishes and clogged pores. Most products contain 2 to 10 percent benzoyl peroxide. Your skin may feel very dry or irritated when initiating benzoyl peroxide treatment, which may lessen as your skin adjusts. Speak to your dermatologist about lower concentrations or acne-friendly moisturizers if intolerable dryness or irritation occurs.

Salicylic Acid

Many OTC acne washes, lotions and toners contain salicylic acid as the active ingredient. Some acne treatment kits, which typically contain a cleanser, toner and medicated lotion, contain both salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide. Unlike benzoyl peroxide, which effectively treats inflammatory acne, salicylic acid targets noninflammatory breakouts such as blackheads and whiteheads. Salicylic acid has no effect on skin bacteria or excess oil, but it regulates the shedding of dead skin cells to prevent them from sticking together and clogging pores. Most OTC acne products contain about 2 percent of the ingredient. Salicylic acid is mild for most people, but if you have sensitive skin or any open blemishes, it can cause minimal stinging or irritation when applied.

Antibiotics

If you suffer from moderate to moderately-severe acne, your dermatologist may prescribe oral antibiotics. Treatment may consist of just antibiotics and basic skin hygiene, or may combine antibiotics with topical treatments. Skin bacteria causes inflamed blemishes by mixing with the natural oils on your skin and traveling into your pores. Dead skin cells and oil mix and clog your pores, the bacteria becomes trapped and multiplies, resulting in inflammation. Antibiotics fight this bacteria, resulting in reduced inflammation and breakouts. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, antibiotics used for acne treatment include minocycline, doxycycline, erythromycin and tetracycline. If you are a woman of childbearing age, your dermatologist will want to discuss family planning issues because some of these antibiotics may cause birth defects or lessen the effect of birth control pills. You may experience minimal gastrointestinal side effects during antibiotic treatment.

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