Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

What Are the Treatments for Acne Nodules?

What Are the Treatments for Acne Nodules? What Are the Treatments for Acne Nodules? What Are the Treatments for Acne Nodules?

Acne nodules are the most severe type of acne. When pores are clogged with dead skin cells and oil deep within the hair follicle, pus-filled boil-like infections appear upon the skin's surface. They can be painful, not to mention unsightly and embarrassing if on the face. They are also the most likely type of acne to leave a scar behind. Left untreated, they can last for months and result in more serious infections and scarring. Several treatments are available for acne nodules, thankfully.

Topical Treatments

If you have one acne nodule, an over-the-counter acne treatment containing benzoyl peroxide may suffice if added to your daily wash routine. Typically over-the-counter treatments are not strong enough, but they are sometimes used as an initial treatment option. The Mayo Clinic recommends seeing a doctor at the onset of acne nodules. Prescription strength topical treatments like prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide or topical antibiotics such as erythromycin can be prescribed to treat acne nodules.

Oral Antibiotics

It is not uncommon for dermatologists to combine an oral antibiotic in partnership with a topical treatment. Oral antibiotics are used to help the body kill the bacteria causing the acne infection. There is a risk of acne causing bacteria becoming immune to the antibiotics if used too often or for too long. According to the Mayo Clinic, studies have shown an improved result using prescription-strength benzoyl peroxide along with the oral antibiotic to reduce this risk.

Isotretinoin

The American Academy of Dermatology states isotretinoin is the only FDA approved prescription medication for the treatment of acne nodules. Isotretinoin, also known commonly as Accutane, also has the highest risk of side effects. Women who are or who could possibly be pregnant should not take this medication, as it is reported to cause severe birth defects. There are also other physical and psychological side effects that require the dermatologist to schedule regular follow-up visits to monitor patients taking this prescription.

Corticosteroid Injections

Dermatologists can inject corticosteroid directly into the acne nodule to help relieve the pain and aid in the healing. Corticosteroid is a steroid hormone that your body naturally produces via the adrenal gland in response to inflammation. Your body's production of the hormone can be short-lived, so an injection into the nodule is given to dramatically reduce the inflammation.

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