Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

What Are the Treatments for Acne Blackheads?

What Are the Treatments for Acne Blackheads?

Blackheads are a type of acne that look like peppery spots on your skin. They mostly occur on your face, but you can get them anywhere you have skin, such as on your ears and neck. They're the result of pores stopped up with dirt, oil and bacteria. To treat blackheads, you need to loosen and dislodge them. There are a few ways you can accomplish this. The method you choose will depend on the size and severity of your blackhead outbreak.

Cleansing Regimen

To treat acne blackheads and prevent future ones, it's crucial to find the right cleansing regimen, according to the Mayo Clinic. For example, exfoliating helps dislodge trapped dirt and oil, but it also irritates other types of acne. Cleaners that dry up oil can make blackheads worse if you don't have oily skin as they strip your face of necessary moisture. Your skin might react by ramping up oil production to compensate for that loss. Not cleansing your face leaves dirt, oil and dead skin cells behind, which allows them to clog your pores. Experiment with different types of gentle cleansers until you find the right one.

Medications

Blackheads are a type of acne and can be treated with a bevy of over-the-counter and prescription acne treatments. Informational website Daily Glow recommends applying a topical retinoid or benzoyl peroxide cream to slow oil production in the affected area. If your blackheads are a recurring problem or often turn into infected pores or lesions, you'll likely need prescription medications such as antibiotics and strong topical creams. For women with hormonal-related acne blackheads, doctors prescribe hormonal birth control.

Extraction

The are three major blackhead extraction techniques. The first, according to Daily Glow, is to use a special tool called a blackhead extraction blade. The extractor blade has a loop that, when you apply pressure to the blackhead, forces the impacted material outward. The second treatment involves using a clay mask. Certain types of clay, as they dry on your skin, draw out impacted materials from your pores. Look for a mask with fuller's earth, according to the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics, for best results. The final extraction method involves cosmetic strips designed to stick to impacted material and pull it out as you quickly pull off the strip. Blackhead-removing strips dislodge blackheads but can pull away healthy skin in the process.

Medications

Daily Glow recommends Topical Retinoids MayoClinic.com recommends benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid to stop over-production of skin oils.

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