Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Treatments for Rosacea and Skin Acne

Treatments for Rosacea and Skin Acne

Acne and rosacea are chronic skin conditions causing inflammation and pus-filled lesions. Acne forms on the skin when pores become clogged, while rosacea is a result of an inflammatory response that occurs among fair-skinned individuals. Both conditions may be helped with the same medications, such as oral antibiotics and topical treatments. However, some products formulated for acne can aggravate rosacea, according to the National Rosacea Society.

Oral Antibiotics

Oral antibiotics are effective prescription treatments for both acne and rosacea. Antibiotics like tetracycline, minocycline and erythromycin clear acne on the face and body by killing bacteria that clogs pores. For rosacea conditions, the antibiotics work by reducing bothersome inflammation. These medications are used for several weeks in varying doses, depending upon the severity of both conditions.

Topical Medications

Topical medications for acne and rosacea include products with antibiotics and ingredients like benzoyl peroxide and azelaic acid. Benzoyl peroxide is one of the most popular medications for acne, available in many over-the-counter creams, scrubs and ointments as well as prescription-strength medications. Tretinoin is another topical medication prescribed for those with moderate to severe acne and rosacea conditions. Tretinoin is a vitamin A derivative, which helps the skin shed, keeping the pores clear.

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is used for severe cases of inflammatory rosacea and cystic acne, which requires aggressive medication to clear the deep-rooted lesions. The medication is highly potent, generally a last-resort medication prescribed for those who have tried other products without success. The medication is taken orally, once or twice daily, for up to 20 weeks. It is the most effective treatment for acne today, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), as it works to reduce oil production and resolve inflammation. Clear skin may be seen for months to years with just one course of treatment. However, severe side effects like depression and birth defects are possible. For women who may become pregnant, two forms of birth control are required with treatment to avoid pregnancy. Other possible side effects include difficulty swallowing, severe pain in the chest or abdomen, headache, blurred vision, dizziness, nausea or vomiting, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, bone or joint pain and thinning hair. To prevent health complications, a dermatologist or other health-care professional monitors these side effects.

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