Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Treatments for Acne Nodules

Treatments for Acne Nodules Treatments for Acne Nodules Treatments for Acne Nodules

Acne forms when oil (sebum) and bacteria plug the skin's pores, causing a blemish to form on the body. Acne nodules are deep acne lesions, also called cysts. Cystic acne is composed of these nodules, which are among the most severe and difficult to treat. This type of acne requires more than a simple over-the-counter solution. Medications prescribed by a doctor are often needed.

Isotrentin

Acne nodules are more likely to leave scars than any other form of acne, according to Teens Health (Kids Health.Org). For this reason, an aggressive treatment is best, decreasing the incidence of acne nodules and reducing the risks of permanent scarring. Isotrentin, an oral medication for acne, is used among severe acne sufferers. It is available by prescription, and while it is generally effective, severe side effects including depression and birth defects are possible.

Retinoids

Retinoids are synthetic vitamin A formulations, prescribed in topical form for the treatment of moderate to severe acne, including cystic acne conditions. These medications are available in gels and creams, which are applied to the face daily. They work by increasing cell turnover, causing the skin to shed, resulting in fewer clogged pores. Retinoids may also help clear acne scars, as layers of the skin shed. With initial use the medication may cause redness, burning and excessive peeling, though the symptoms fade gradually with continued use.

Oral Antibiotics

Antibiotics are useful for clearing infections and killing harmful bacteria in the body, relieving illness. Oral antibiotics are also helpful for those with severe acne conditions like cystic acne. Medications like tetracycline, minocycline and doxycycline are beneficial for those who do not find relief with topical solutions. These medications may take six to eight weeks to clear acne. Treatments are recommended for six months to prevent microbial resistance and can be discontinued when the inflammation ceases, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is a common main ingredient in over-the-counter creams, scrubs and acne masks. It is also available in prescription-strength formulations for severe acne conditions, such as cystic acne. The medication works by killing bacteria that causes acne nodules to form. Topical medications include those with or without antibiotics.

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