Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Treatment Options for Skin Discoloration

Treatment Options for Skin Discoloration Treatment Options for Skin Discoloration Treatment Options for Skin Discoloration

Skin discolorations develop when pigment on one section of your skin becomes darker or lighter than the majority of your skin. This can create splotchy imbalances on the surface that may make some people self-conscious or uncomfortable. Skin discolorations can vary in shape and size, and some are harmless, while others can be warning signs. Regardless, there are several treatment options available for discolorations.

Chemical Peel

Chemical peels are chemical treatments applied to the skin. According to the Mayo Clinic, they cause a chemical burn on the top epidermal layers of your skin and stimulate regrowth through your skin's healing process, creating new skin without discoloration. Chemical peels are applied by a doctor or certified nurse and are a minor procedure that can be done in an afternoon visit to the doctor's office. Typically, the more serious the discoloration, the stronger the chemical solution will be, and the stronger the burn. Chemical peels can also be combined with other treatment methods.

Topical Creams and Oral Treatments

The least invasive treatments utilize simple topical creams and/or oral medications to eliminate discolorations. In the case of oral treatments, there is often an internal cause of the discoloration that can be remedied through nutrition. Vitiligo, for example, is a disease that causes the bleaching out of skin—what Michael Jackson claimed caused his skin color to change from black to white. Topical creams, on the other hand, are used to treat less serious pigmentation like melasma, which is often temporary and occurs during pregnancy or other periods of fluctuating hormone levels. In both cases, a doctor can give you the necessary medication to treat your specific condition.

Laser Treatments

Laser treatment is fast becoming one of the most common methods of treatment for skin discolorations. It is effective in both heating layers of skin and burning off darkened skin as well as breaking up pigment that has coagulated under the skin in the form of birthmarks or dark spots. A specialized laser treatment is also used to eliminate moles from the skin, and cases of melasma that do not respond to mild treatments such as oral medications can be remedied through laser treatments. While more costly than other methods, these treatments are less painful than chemical peels and in most cases are the most effective treatment option.

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