Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Treatment for Nodulocystic Acne

Treatment for Nodulocystic Acne Treatment for Nodulocystic Acne Treatment for Nodulocystic Acne

Overview

About 85 percent of teenagers will have pimples on their faces at any given time, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, but most people's acne isn't severe and will clear up with simple soap and water, or potentially an over-the-counter product containing benzoyl peroxide. However, for those who suffer from the severe form of acne known as nodulocystic acne, dermatologist treatment is critical to avoid scarring. Dermatologists offer a variety of prescription medications and procedures to combat nodulocystic acne.

Acne Causes

Dermatologists don't really know exactly why people get severe nodulocystic acne, but family history likely plays some role. Acne develops when the skin produces too much oil, which then clogs pores and provides acne-causing bacteria with a breeding ground. If those blockages are deep down in the skin, nodules and cysts, which feel like painful bumps under the skin, can form and become badly infected.

Surgery and Injections

When an acne cyst or nodule becomes severely infected and inflamed, it can rupture and cause a deep, pitted scar. To prevent this, dermatologists treat severe cysts and nodules with either surgery or injections, according to the AAD. In surgery, your dermatologist will drain your cysts and extract the acne lesion itself. With injections, the dermatologist will inject the individual infected lesions with corticosteroids, which reduces the infection and helps the lesion to heal. Injected lesions actually melt away within a week.

Prescription Medications

For severe acne, dermatologists often turn to isotretinoin, an oral prescription medication. Isotretinoin, which is a synthetic form of vitamin A, can be extremely effective against severe acne, but it carries a risk of serious side effects, including severe headache and chest pain. Other effective prescription medications include oral antibiotics and topical tretinoin, or Retin-A. For women, oral contraceptives can help to stop hormonal swings and calm the oil production that often drives acne to form.

Physical Procedures

In addition to the other treatments, your dermatologist may recommend one or more physical procedures to treat your severe nodulocystic acne. Laser and light treatments can effectively reduce the skin's oil production and kill acne-causing bacteria, while light chemical peels can loosen skin blockages and help to prevent new lesions from forming, according to the AAD.

Considerations

Nodulocystic acne requires aggressive treatment to prevent severe scarring, and your dermatologist likely will recommend a combination of two or more different types of treatment. You may need to try several treatments before you find one that works for you. Successful treatment can take months or even longer than a year. However, the AAD reports that virtually every case of nodulocystic acne can be treated successfully.

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Treatment for Nodulocystic Acne
Overview About 85 percent of teenagers will have pimples on their faces at any given time, according...
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Overview About 85 percent of teenagers will have pimples on their faces at any given time, according...
Treatment for Nodulocystic Acne
Overview About 85 percent of teenagers will have pimples on their faces at any given time, according...

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