Treatment for Blackheads
Blackheads are a type of acne that is also known as open comedones. Pores become clogged with dead skin cells and oil, the oil is exposed to the air and becomes oxidized, and blackheads appear. If you have oily or combination skin, the T-zone area of the face (forehead and nose) are most prone to blackhead breakouts. There are several treatments options for blackhead removal.
Controlling oil production can be a way to get rid of blackheads. You are more prone to blackheads during puberty because of an increase in oil production, but you can reduce oil production by washing your face at least twice daily with a mild soap and warm water. Also wash your face after sweating to prevent clogging of pores. Additionally, oil can be controlled by limiting the use of oil-based skin care products and makeup. If you do apply products to the face, choose versions labeled non-comedogenic, which means it has gone through testing and does not clog pores.
Pore strips are a simple-to-use treatment product for blackheads. An adhesive strip is applied to the area of the skin affected by blackheads and left in place for several minutes. When it is peeled away, it pulls away the blackheads. After blackheads have been removed, apply an acne-fighting topical solution to your skin. This controls oil and can help shed dead skin cells. Choose products that have salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide as the active ingredient.
A blackhead extractor is a stainless steel tool used to push the blackhead out of the skin. The blackhead extractor is positioned directly over the blemish and light pressure is applied. The scoop end of the extractor removes any leftover debris. This method is typically done by an aesthetician or dermatologist because of the increased risk of scarring and infection if done incorrectly. Other treatments provided by a professional include microdermabrasion and laser therapy. During microdermabrasion, abrasive crystals are vacuumed from the surface of the skin to smooth away comedones. If the dermatologist decides to recommend laser therapy, concentrated light is focused on the skin to damage oil glands, causing them to produce less oil. Multiple laser and microdermabrasion treatments might be required.
Before extraction is done with either pore strips or a blackhead extractor, the pores should be opened to help make blackhead removal less uncomfortable. Fill a bowl with boiling water, cover your head with a towel and position your face over the steam for five to 10 minutes.
A doctor can prescribe medications if you are suffering from severe acne breakouts that include open comedones. Tretinoin and tazarotene are derived from vitamin A and prevent the clogging of follicles. Stinging, redness and peeling are common side effects of vitamin A topical treatments. Oral contraceptives can be prescribed to women as not only a birth control method but also to control breakouts.
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