Treatment for Blackheads on the Nose
Blackheads, or comedones, are follicles that have a slightly wider opening than normal. These pores become filled with dirt and skin debris that have gone through a chemical reaction where the melanin becomes oxidized, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, also known as the AAD. Regular skin care is very important in combating acne in general. Daily cleansing using mild soap or a facial scrub is the key, but in severe cases, this is not enough. There are many available options to help reduce acne.
According to the AAD, benzoyl peroxide is a topical treatment for acne. It is generally applied in cream or gel form to infected areas. Common side effects include initial dryness and mild irritation. Some people may suffer an allergic reaction to benzoyl peroxide, and as a result experience burning, itching, peeling and possible swelling. After a week or so, most will develop a tolerance.
Benzoyl peroxide is attainable in concentrations ranging from 2.5 percent to 10 percent. It is often best applied in weaker concentrations at first, only applying stronger concentrations after tolerance is achieved.
The AAD notes that clindamycin is a topical bacteriostatic, a substance that inhibits bacterial growth, and is commonly used to combat acne. Often used in conjunction with benzoyl peroxide, studies from Leeds University in 2002 indicate that the two substances combined have a higher effectiveness than either used alone.
Clindamycin is most often used in cases of mild to moderate acne. Possible side effects include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, rashes and itching. In rare cases, pseudomembranous colitis have been linked with clindamycin usage.
Erythromycin is often used as a topical ointment in acne treatments, according to the AAD. Erythromycin is a bactericidal, a substance that kills bacteria. It is noted for the ability to rapidly become absorbed into most tissues. Common side effects attributed to its usage include diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting. Rarer and more serious are arrhythmia, reversible deafness as well as severe allergic reactions.
According to the AAD, tetracycline, also commonly sold under the names sumycin, terramycin, tetracyn and panmycin, is an ingested antibiotic most commonly used to treat acne. Common side effects consist of tooth discoloration, photosensitivity, tinnitus, drug induced lupus and hepatitis.
There are a wide variety of strips regularly used to help fight acne on the nose. Strips operate under the principle of using a mild adhesive to bond to blackheads, extracting them once the strip is removed. As an alternative to cleansing strips, an esthetician can apply a standard waxing procedure to remove any areas with blackhead buildup.
Blemish extractors and acne removal tools can be bought at most places where beauty products are sold. Comedone extractors are long slender spoon shaped removal devices with small holes in the spoon. They are laid with the hole on the blackhead and pressure is exerted to force the acne to eject into the spoon. Syringes are commonly used to extract blackheads. The mouth of the syringe is aligned over the infected area and the plunger is slowly drawn out to create suction.
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