Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Top Five Blackhead Treatments

Top Five Blackhead Treatments Top Five Blackhead Treatments

Acne is one of the most common skin problems that you can experience during your lifetime. Acne can affect you at any point in your life, especially during your teenage years, or for women, during a pregnancy or menopause. Acne commonly starts with a comedone, more commonly referred to as a blackhead. Blackheads occur as excess sebum oil from the skin combines wtith dead skin cells to form soft plugs in the follicles of your skin. When a blackhead forms, there are many treatment options available, but five stand up above the rest in popularity and effectiveness.

Salicylic Acid

Salicyic acid is one common treatment for acne that can be found in most over-the-counter acne treatment products and some prescription products. Salicylic acid works on acne in two ways. First, it softens the keratin of the blackhead, helping it break up and release from the skin. Second, it helps to slow the shedding of skin cells inside the pores, preventing further plugs from forming, states the New Zealand Dermatological Society.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide can also be found in many over-the-counter and prescription strength blackhead treatment products. Benzoyl peroxide is an antimicrobial product that works on the acne-related bacteria Propionibacterium acnes, or P. acnes. When applied to the skin, benzoyl peroxide penetrates the follicles and exposes the bacteria trapped inside to fatal levels of oxygen. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, benzoyl peroxide may also work by removing dead cells from the skin, helping to prevent future blackheads from forming.

Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree oil is a popular natural treatment for acne. Like benzyol peroxide, tea tree oil attacks the P. acnes bacteria in the follicle, helping to clear up the blackhead and preventing it from progressing into a more serious case of inflammatory acne. Although tea tree oil is an alternative remedy, the Mayo Clinic states that a 5 percent solution of tea tree oil is as effective as a 5 percent solution of benzoyl peroxide on acne breakouts, although benzoyl peroxide works faster.

Chemical Peels

Chemical peels are another top treatment for blackheads on your skin. A chemical peel can be performed by your dermatologist, and works by using chemicals to loosen blackheads from the follicles of your skin. Chemical peels can range in strength from a mild glycolic acid peel to a strong phenol peel.

Extraction

For stubborn blackheads, one of the most effective treatments is an extraction by your doctor or dermatologist. During an extraction your doctor will sterilize the area and use a comedone extractor to push the blackhead and any accompanying pus from the affected tissue. Self-extraction should never be done, as you risk the chance of progressing the blackhead into a pustule or papule, or may even cause an infection or scarring.

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