Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

The Secret to Acne Free Skin

The Secret to Acne Free Skin The Secret to Acne Free Skin

Overview

Almost everyone wants perfect skin. TV and movies seem to show all of the actors with flawless glowing faces. But even they have a breakout from time to time. Prevention and early treatment are key when trying to put your best face forward. Creating a daily gentle cleansing routine can give you the best skin possible.

Causes

Hormones are believed to be the major cause of acne, though genetics can play a part too. When you reach puberty, hormones fluctuate throughout your system and that seems to be when acne rears its ugly head. These hormones can trigger the subaceous glands to over produce sebum. This sebum is normally secreted through the hair follicle shaft, or pore, to lubricate and protect the skin surface.

Forms of Acne

When your skin produces too much sebum, it can clog your pores. If the pores are blocked entirely, a whitehead develops. If the blockage only goes below the surface of the skin, it is considered a blackhead. These are both called comodones. Clogged pores that become infected and sore can either be pustules, if pus is apparent at the tip, or a papule if not. Nodules and cysts are infections that are completely below the surface of the skin and no head is visible. Cystic acne is considered the most severe and can cause permanent scarring.

Prevention

Washing your face to remove dirt, sweat, make-up and oils twice a day can help prevent pore blockages. Skin creams and lotions that are non-comedogenic will not block your pores and are a must use to prevent an acne breakout. Make sure you drink plenty of fresh water daily to help your system flush out toxins and eat a healthy diet to noursih your skin. Avoid letting oily surfaces, such as your fingers or unwashed hair, touch your skin. Your skin can also ramp up oil production when exposed to too much sunlight, so wearing a sunscreen is advisable.

Minor Acne Treatment

If you see a breakout forming don't worry. Remember that hormones play a big part in their appearance. There are several steps you can do at home to speed their disappearance. Continue washing your face twice a day using a mild soap and exfoliate gently with a soft washcloth to remove excess dead skin cells which can also block pores. Do not pick or try to squeeze it out, as it could spread and become infected. The Mayo Clinic suggests using a cream daily that contains benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid which can speed healing.

Severe Acne Treatment

The University of Maryland Medical Center suggests you speak to your physician when acne cysts appear or if the home treatments don't work. There are several types of prescription medication, both topical and oral, that can help. Also available are light therapies that include lasers or blue lights as well as dermabrasion or microdermabrasion which can help to remove the appearance of acne scars.

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