Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

The Causes of Acne

The Causes of Acne The Causes of Acne

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, acne affects approximately 40 million to 50 million people in America. Chocolate and fried foods are often unfairly blamed as causes of acne. Hormones, bacteria, excess oil production and inflammation are the main causes.

Hormones

Androgens are male hormones that are present in males, and to a lesser extent in females. There is a surge in the formation of androgens during puberty. Androgens contribute to acne development by enlarging the sebaceous glands in the skin and by stimulating the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. Due to the overproduction of sebum, you're more likely to develop clogged pores.

Sebum

Sebum is an oily substance secreted by the glands connected to a hair follicle. It's responsible for keeping your hair and skin lubricated. It usually travels to the surface of the skin through hair shafts. However, the overproduction of sebum leads to acne by increasing the probability that the hair follicle becomes clogged in the presence of extra oil and dead skin, which results in acne.

Bacteria

The bacteria Propionibacterium acnes play a role in acne development. The bacteria are found on the surface of the skin and aid in the maintenance of sebum. However, once a follicle is plugged, the bacteria multiply and irritate the skin. This results in inflammation. The bacteria worsen the inflammation by producing enzymes that dissolve sebum into irritating substances.

Inflammation

The level of inflammation on your skin determines the type of acne that will develop. Non-inflammatory acne develops when the sebum flow just beneath the skin's surface is blocked,. On the other hand, inflammatory acne is caused by a deeper blockage within the skin. A little inflammation on your skin can cause non-inflammatory acne, which appears as either blackheads or whiteheads on the surface of your skin. Inflammatory acne results in the formation of a papule, pastule, nodule or cyst.

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