The Best Way to Remove Acne Marks
Acne scars develop when your skin repairs itself after acne blemishes clear up, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, AAD. There are a number of treatments for scars raised above the surface of your skin as well as those that are depressed below the level of the surrounding skin. AAD says there is no one best treatment for acne scars. Instead, you should let your dermatologist know what bothers you the most about your scars, and together select the right treatment.
Fillers such as collagen, hyaluronic acid, a substance known as PMMA or polymethylmethacrylate and even fat cells from your own body can be injected into depressed scars to raise them to the level of the surrounding skin, making them less noticeable. According to AcneNet, PMMA is the only permanent filler. Collagen and hyaluronic acid last about three to six months, while your own fat will fill the depressed skin area for one to three years.
If your doctor performs a chemical peel, she will apply a high-potency acid to remove the top layer of the acne scar. According to Adult Acne, this process improves your appearance and gives the underlying skin a chance to replenish itself.
Your dermatologist may recommend dermabrasion, a procedure that uses a machine to remove the top layer of your skin and provide a more even contour in the area of your scar, aAccording to the AAD.
Cryotherapy freezes acne scars tissue, allowing it to die and fall off, According to AcneNet. Your doctor might suggest combining cryotherapy and corticosteroid injections to effectively reduce raised acne scars.
If you have a thick raised scar or a thick nodule of scar tissue known as a keloid, your doctor might recommend a series of injections into the scar itself. These intralesional injections of corticosteroids or interferon soften and flatten the scar, according to AcneNet.
Surgical Scar Revisions
Surgical scar revision is one of the most effective treatments for depressed acne scars, according to AcneNet. Your doctor may perform a punch excision that uses a cookie cutter-like instrument to remove the scar or he might make a subcutaneous incision to separate the scar from the tissue around it and raise it up to skin level. Following a punch excision, your doctor might do a skin graft to fill the opening.
If you've had an acne scar surgically removed, your doctor might recommend a post-operative treatment, such as wearing a pressure garment to prevent scarring during the healing process. According to AcneNet, your doctor may inject raised scars with corticosteroids or interferon or order radiation treatments to keep your body from creating more raised scars after surgery.
Laser resurfacing uses high-energy light sources known as lasers to remove or remodel acne-scarred skin, says AcneNet. Your doctor will choose just the right laser for your particular scar, such as pulsed dye lasers that use yellow light to eliminate scar redness and flatten raised scars.
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