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The Best Skin Care Compounds

The Best Skin Care Compounds The Best Skin Care Compounds

There are a plethora of skin-care products that contain an array of compounds, most of which are confusing to the common consumer. Eating foods with ascorbic acid or using topical applications containing effective skin care compounds can keep your skin free of impurities for a firmer texture and smoother appearance. Always consult with your dermatologist or physician prior to changing your skin or diet regimen.

Ascorbic Acid for Aging Skin

This compound helps your skin feel firm and healthy. It contributes to the healing process, as well as the growth and repair of tissues, says Medline Plus. As the main component in collagen production, ascorbic acid directly influences the generation of new skin cells, scar tissue and tendons--essential in preventing the appearance of winkles. As the most powerful antioxidant, this compound also prevents structural damage to the cells that can create premature aging, wrinkles and encourage breakouts associated with acne. It also helps facilitate the body’s use of other healthy skin vitamins, such as vitamin E. Eating a wide variety of citrus fruits including oranges, lemons, limes and mangos can help deliver daily essential values of this compound.

Alternately, as a topical agent, a 2003 U.S National Library of Medicine study found that the density of the skin improved as well as a significant decrease in deep furrows. The elastic tissue also exhibited repair for smoother skin in those who experienced photo damage caused by the sun.

Salicylic Acid for Skin Conditions

Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid, and a popular topical compound used to treat a variety of skin conditions including psoriasis and acne, according to the Healthy Skin Guide. It acts as a mild exfoliator that eliminates dead skin cells that can amass on the skin's surface, as well as help other topical treatments penetrate underlying inflamed skin associated with acne or other skin ailments such as eczema and rashes. This compound is often present in a variety of skin treatments such as creams, cleansers and toners. Since it is an acid, using it in low concentrations, sparingly in the beginning and more often as your skin adjusts, is desirable to avoid any irritation. Medline Plus affirms that salicylic acid helps to unplugged blocked pores and reduce the swelling and redness that comedones, or pimples, blackheads and whiteheads, create.

Benzoyl Peroxide for Acne-Prone Skin

Benzoyl peroxide is a beneficial compound helpful in quelling acne and associated blemishes. Medline Plus asserts that it comes in an array of cleansers, gels, liquids and creams for topical application. As a part of the topical antibiotics group, benzoyl peroxide helps to ward off blemish-causing bacteria such as Propionibacterium acnes. Using this compound in conjunction with other topical skin treatments shows significant decreases in acne lesions as early as one week, reports Skin and Allergy News.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids for All Skin Types

Alpha hydroxy acids, or AHAs, include glycolic, lactic, malic, citric and tartaric acid. They derive from food products such as sugar, milk and fruits and only work if applied on living cells, Mariusz Sapijaszko, director of the Western Canada Dermatology Institution, says. The epidermis, the outer layer of skin we can visibly see, contains dead keratin-filled cells that act as a protective barrier. For AHAs to work, they must penetrate beneath this layer to influence active cells. They each contain exfoliating properties, however, glycolic acid is the most popular as it is the smallest in molecular size helpful in moving past the epidermis to active layers within the skin. AHAs are extremely important components of several skin care products, as they reduce and prevent wrinkles, abnormal pigmentation and sun damage. In low concentrations they improve the skin's texture by preventing dead skin cells to adhere to lower layers of the dermis.

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