The acne: do not get discouraged!
Acne, which affects many teenagers, is due to excessive secretion of sebum that clogs the pores of the skin. It manifests itself mainly by black spots or white, called comedones. This is not a serious illness, much less contagious. His only risk, although small, is scarring in case of deep lesions. It is therefore advisable to consult a doctor about whether you need treatment, which will be customized in all cases. Do not forget to properly care for your skin, applying gentle products and non-irritating.
Acne disrupts the lives of 80% of teenagers during puberty ... It is a disease of unknown origin not really: we do not know why some people are affected and others not at all, apart from the existence of a hereditary factor.
Under the influence of male hormones or androgens, secreted in greater quantities during puberty, the sebaceous glands of the skin secrete sebum sometimes excessive, the skin and hair become greasy. Sometimes this excess sebum can not drain due to the formation of blockages in the pores of the skin.This accumulation of sebum in the sebaceous glands causes the formation of microcysts. Thus appear whiteheads or blackheads, also called comedones.
What is acne?
Typically, lesions begin to appear on the forehead and nose. They can then spread the cheeks, neck, and finally the back and chest. Acne can take various forms and with different intensity: it is often associated with oily skin pores and blackheads. In case of inflammation of microcysts, red lesions appear raised or papules. When these microcysts become infected, you can see pustules or nodules, which then contain pus.
Acne develops readily in spurts, with periods of remission. It is often found in women accentuation of lesions before the onset of the rules. Stress is also a factor in acne outbreak. Acne heals spontaneously after several years of evolution, knowing that it is impossible to determine precisely the age of healing. The only risk is linked to acne scarring. Indeed, sometimes the buttons disappear when they leave red marks that may concern. Do not worry, because in most cases they disappear spontaneously within a few months, and the more quickly you will protect them effectively from the sun by a protective sunscreen.Only scars or embossed may require treatment.
What is not acne!
- Acne is not contagious: A person can not send you acne. - Acne is not linked to poor hygiene: it also appears on the skins own! - Acne has nothing to do with food: it has never been shown that chocolate or meats favored the appearance of acne. It is important, however, generally have a balanced diet. - Acne is not related to sex: it affects both girls and boys.
Know that the treatment is different for each person and depends on both the context and the severity of the disease. It is therefore advisable to consult your doctor who will suggest the most appropriate treatment for you. Never use a product prescribed for someone else! Also note that this is still a long-term treatment, whose effectiveness is manifested only after several weeks. So stay motivated (e)! Treatments exist in two forms, those that apply locally and those which are taken orally. Local treatments are in the form of gels, creams or lotions: they are essentially vitamin A acid creams and fruit acids that help unclog sebaceous glands and eliminate blackheads. In cases of inflammatory lesions, care-based benzoyl peroxide and topical antibiotics are opposed to the multiplication of bacteria and prevent infection of blackheads. The dermatological facials are very effective and include manually removing blackheads and should not be performed by a healthcare professional. Oral treatments are reserved for more severe forms of acne and are associated with local treatments when they are insufficient. Antibiotics must be taken for periods of three months and help fight against infection. Isotretinoin (Roaccutane) is currently the only treatment able to stop the disease by acting directly on the sebaceous glands. However, it is reserved for forms of acne the most severe or having resisted other treatments because of its possible side effects. Attention, effective contraception is mandatory in women because of the risk of serious birth defects!
Some tips on caring for your skin
Whatever the local treatment that you follow, you must associate beauty treatments to compensate for the irritation it causes. Apply alternating with local treatment, a cream or gel for softening and moisturizing, you choose from a range of products for acne-prone skin. Thoroughly clean your skin morning and night using particular in the face surgras soap or gel cleanser. You can expose a reasonable sunlight, provided that a non-comedogenic sunscreen.
- Press the buttons or scratching, at the risk of damage spreading. - Assaulting too often your skin with products containing alcohol or sulfur. - Worsening acne using greasy creams. - Use abrasive soaps (avoid irritating soap and drying).
Acne does not last a lifetime. Then, most importantly, do not despair! Be sure to follow your treatment and be persistent.
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