Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Teenage Male Acne

Teenage Male Acne Teenage Male Acne

Overview

Hormonal changes associated with puberty are often to blame when it comes to teenage male acne. With the elevation of testosterone, the sebaceous glands under the surface of the skin tend to produce more sebum, which is an oily substance that travels up the hairs on the body to prevent the skin from drying out. This excess sebum makes the skin of a teen much oilier, increasing the potential for acne lesions.

Acne

Excess sebum alone isn't the cause for teenage male acne. This oily substance combines with dead skin to form a soft plug in the opening of a hair follicle, obstructing the natural flow of sebum. As more and more sebum accumulates in the pore, it encourages a build up of the P. acnes bacteria, leading to inflammation and subsequently an acne lesion.

Lesions

These lesions range in severity from mild to severe. Comedones are the mildest type of acne. The obstruction of the pore occurs very near the surface of the skin, resulting in either blackheads or whiteheads. Papules and pustules are often referred to as moderate acne. These lesions result from deeper obstructions, causing more inflammation and larger lesions. Nodules and cysts are the most severe forms of acne. These lesions result from even deeper obstruction, triggering greater inflammation and substantially larger lesions.

Self-Care

The severity of the lesions often dictates the form of treatment. Self-care methods are best used to combat mild to moderate acne. According to MayoClinic.com, washing the skin one to two times a day and applying an over-the-counter acne medication can help to dry the excess sebum caused by hormonal changes associated with puberty. These two measures also remove dry skin before it can combine with sebum to form a soft plug.

Medical Treatment

Moderate to severe acne responds well to medical treatments. Prescription acne creams containing retinoids are by far the most common form of treatment, but teenagers may also benefit from antibiotics, corticosteroid injections and laser therapy, advises the American Academy of Dermatology. Any one of these options helps to break up the obstruction causing the lesion as well as kill the bacteria linked to this skin condition.

Prevention

Preventive steps can be taken to reduce the occurrence of teenage male acne. These steps revolve around the same self-care methods used to treat mild to moderate acne. Only noncomedogenic skin care products should be used, which can include moisturizers, sunscreens and even aftershave lotions. Tight clothing is also known to contribute to teenage acne, so try to wear loose-fitted clothing whenever possible.

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