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Acner.org: Acne treatment

Steps on Removing Blackheads

Steps on Removing Blackheads Steps on Removing Blackheads Steps on Removing Blackheads

Those pesky, pin-like black dots on your face can seem to take forever to go away on their own. Because blackheads are a conglomeration of oil, dead skin cells and bacteria, the combination can be difficult to eradicate without intervention--either via exfoliation, topical applications or extraction. Whatever the method you use to remove a blackhead, do so carefully, as scarring can result otherwise.

Exfoliation

Regular exfoliation can help to pull a blackhead’s constituent parts out of the pore as well as prevent further blackheads from forming, according to DERMA Doctor. You can purchase an exfoliating facial scrub at most discount superstores or drugstores. Choose a scrub that has round, even beads; jagged edges can cause small scratching to the skin, which can aggravate your pores. Exfoliate between once and twice a week, but no more. Exfoliating further also can cause irritation.

Topical Applications

A number of over-the-counter and prescription topical products can help to eradicate blackheads. In addition to your exfoliating routine, you can apply a medication such as a spot treatment containing salicylic acid. Salicylic acid has a keratolytic effect, meaning it “unplugs” the blackhead’s ingredients within the pore. Other medications, such as benzoyl peroxide, alpha hydroxy acids or prescription retinols, also may encourage skin sloughing as a means to get rid of blackheads, according to DERMA Doctor.

Extraction

Extraction should be your last-ditch attempt at removing blackheads, because it is the process that is most likely to cause scarring. Extraction involves the mechanical removal of your blackhead using either your fingers or an instrument, such as a metal extractor, according to CareFair. Begin by steaming the pores to open them, making removal easier. Boil a large pot of hot water, then pour the water into a large bowl. Placing a towel over your head, hold your head over the water and allow the steam to hit the pores. If using your fingers, press down gently on either side of the blackhead with clean fingers. It should pop out of the pore easily. If the blackhead does not, then stop--putting too much pressure on the skin can cause scarring. If using an extraction device, place it over the blackhead. Press down, and the blackhead should come out.

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