Role of Hormones on Acne
Hormones most likely play a role in causing acne, according to Mayoclinic.com. However, hormones can also play a role in treating acne, says Healthguidance.org. Hormones are necessary for the human body to function properly; they are responsible for many delicate metabolic activities. When considering the role that hormones play in causing or treating acne, a dermatologist may be a useful contact.
Although not the sole cause of acne, hormones have been known to play a part in causing the problem. Women are especially susceptible to hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, menstruation or the starting and stopping of birth control pills. Even minor changes can cause acne difficulties, says Mayoclinic.com.
How Hormones Contribute to Acne
Hormones contribute to acne production indirectly, according to Healthguidance.org. When hormones become imbalanced, certain hormones will rise in the blood and other hormones will drop. According to Healthguidance.org, this imbalance promotes the sebaceous glands--oil glands--to secrete more oil, which mixes with dead skin cells on the surface of the skin and potentially clogging the pore, leading to the formation of a pimple. The condition is further aggravated by bacteria causing redness and inflammation of the area.
Hormonal therapies may be necessary to balance hormones and slow the production of excess of oil, but they should be supervised by a physician. Oral contraceptive pills, oral corticosteroids or anti-androgens are often used, according to Healthguidance.org.
Oral contraceptives use estrogen and progesterone to alter a woman's hormonal pattern; low doses have been used to treat mild to moderate hormonal acne, says Healthguidance.org. Side effects of oral contraceptives are weight gain, spotting, breast tenderness and nausea, says Health24.com.
Oral corticosteroids are anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress hormone reduction through the adrenal gland; they also decrease inflammation. According to Health24.com, severe side effects include weight gain and bone thinning.
Anti-androgens reduce hormone production by the ovaries and adrenal glands and can block hormone receptor sites at the sebaceous follicles, says Health24.com. Side effects include breast soreness and irregular menstruation cycles.
Acne is frustrating and problematic for everyone who experiences it. Remember that severe acne may take months or even years to correct. Consult a doctor about safe treatment options if your concerns mount. As with any serious medical condition, if you have any chronic medical conditions, talk with your doctor prior to making any dietary or medication changes. There are many proven acne treatments available, says Mayoclinic.com.
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