Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Remedies to Get Rid of Acne Vulgaris

Remedies to Get Rid of Acne Vulgaris

Acne vulgaris is a skin condition that affects adolescents most often, according to the Merck Manuals. Acne occurs when the skin produces too much oil, or sebum. When too much sebum collects on the skin, dead skin cells and bacteria can get caught in the pores, creating a small infection. This infection can get red and irritated, causing a pimple. In some cases, acne is treatable at home. More severe cases may require the care of a doctor.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is a common active ingredient in over-the-counter acne treatments, says the Mayo Clinic. Wash your face twice a day with an acne wash that contains salicylic acid to help reduce sebum production on the skin and wash away dead skin cells and bacteria. Do not mix salicylic acid with other over-the-counter acne treatments, like benzoyl peroxide or resorcinol. Side effects of salicylic acid medications include redness, flaking skin and skin dryness, which may be reduced after about one month of treatment, says the Mayo Clinic.

Antibiotics

Individuals with severe cases of acne may not notice a difference after using salicylic acid and may require a stronger treatment, says the Mayo Clinic. In cases of severe acne, bacteria may build up on the skin and make eliminating acne difficult. Your dermatologist may prescribe a dose of oral antibiotics to help reduce bacteria on the skin and clear acne. In most cases, a doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics in combination with another acne medication and only for a short period of time.

Benzoyl Peroxide Combinations

If you have severe acne, your doctor may prescribe a benzoyl peroxide combination medication to reduce oil production on the skin and slough away dead skin cells and bacteria. Benzoyl peroxide combination medications include benzoyl peroxide and erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin medications. Side effects of benzoyl peroxide medications include stinging, burning and redness of the skin, says the Mayo Clinic. Your doctor may suggest using the medication less often if side effects are a problem.

Isotretinoin

For the most severe cases of acne, a dermatologist may prescribe isotretinoin. Isotretinoin is prescribed for cystic acne that does not respond to any other medications, says the Mayo Clinic. Isotretinoin is an oral medication taken only for several months, and it helps reduce oil production on the skin. Isotretinoin may cause birth defects and is not approved for use by women who are pregnant or could become pregnant while taking the medication. Patients who take isotretinoin require strict supervision by a doctor, because the medication may cause suicidal thoughts and depression.

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