Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Remedies for Post Acne

Remedies for Post Acne Remedies for Post Acne Remedies for Post Acne

Post-acne red spots can be left behind following a breakout. Sometimes they are pink, purplish, tan or dark brown in color, depending on your natural skin tone. They are typically the result of a lack of skin oil production, squeezing pimples or rubbing the skin. Left untreated, they will fade over time, though it can take months to a year, or longer. Remedies can be used, however, to treat the damage acne leaves behind.

Sunscreen

If exposed to the sun's rays, spots can become darker in color, making them more noticeable. According to Skincare Physicians, dermatologists call it post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, or PIH. Use oil-free broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher to prevent further acne outbreaks. Apply it daily to exposed skin 20 minutes before going outdoors.

Bleaching Creams

Bleaching creams are available over the counter. Skincare Physicians recommends looking for products that specifically list how much of the active ingredient hydroquinone is in the cream. An OTC cream should contain 2 percent hydroquinone, and if the percentage isn't listed, it's best to avoid that product. Prescription-strength bleaching creams and skin lighteners are also available. Whenever using these creams, follow instructions exactly, as misuse can result in permanent damage.

Chemical Peels

Various forms of acid are used to smooth over the skin to remove the top layer. The American Academy of Dermatology notes the amount of scarring and color change is what determines the type of peel needed, and different chemicals provide different depths of skin removal. Removing layers of skin helps to give a more even color and can smooth depressed scars as well.

Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion

Dermabrasion uses rapidly rotating brushes, while microdermabrasion uses fine crystals to remove the top layers of skin. Like chemical peels, this helps to smooth the skin's surface and removes the layers of discoloration, enabling the skin to heal. Multiple treatments may be required. Microdermabrasion home kits are also available, but follow the directions. Overuse and overly aggressive use can cause damage that results in new discolored spots.

Lasers

There are two different laser treatment types: laser resurfacing and pulsed dye laser. Laser resurfacing uses a laser to remove the top layer of skin while heating the layer of skin underneath, forcing new skin to form. Pulsed dye lasers don't injure the top layers of skin, but are used to remove scar redness and build new skin cells underneath. Multiple treatments may be required.

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