Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Remedies for Getting Rid of Acne

Remedies for Getting Rid of Acne

Factors such as your skin type, the type of acne you have, the severity of your acne and your skin cleansing preferences will all play an important role when it comes to choosing the right product for you, according to the Mayo Clinic. A good skin care regimen and using the right products for your skin type can go a long way when treating acne.

Over-the-Counter Products

When choosing a cleanser, you need to know what your options are and how each active ingredient works. According to Acne.org, avoid cleansers that contain beads, balls or other abrasive components. Choose a mild cleanser that is gentle on your skin type. Benzoyl peroxide helps eliminate acne by killing bacteria and removing excess oil, as well as removing dead skin cells. Benzoyl peroxide can cause dry or overly dry skin, so if you have sensitive skin, start with the lowest dosage, which is 2 percent. Salicylic acid works by slowing down the shedding of skin cells, which helps to prevent pores from clogging. According to the Mayo Clinic, salicylic acid may cause burning and mild stinging but is available in doses as low as 0.5 percent. Alpha hydroxy acids are found in sugar-containing fruits and help to remove dead skin cells and reduce inflammation. Sulfur is also available over-the-counter and is usually a combination of benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Prescription Medications

For stubborn or very severe acne, a prescription from your dermatologist may be in order if over-the-counter treatments have continuously failed. Your dermatologist may prescribe a broad-spectrum antibiotic such as tetracycline, doxycycline, erythromycin or minocycline. Isotretinoin is another type of drug prescribed for the most severe forms of acne but carries dangerous side effects, according to the Mayo Clinic. Side effects include depression, suicidal thoughts, nose bleeds, itching and dry skin. Patients who take isotretinoin are closely monitored by their health care physician. Injections of interlesional corticosteroids may also be required to help to reduce inflammation and prevent scarring, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Your dermatologist can prescribe prescription-strength topical medication, such as azelaic acid, clindamycin or sodium sulfacetamide. The type of remedy your dermatologist prescribes will be dependent upon your skin type and the type of acne you have.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies

Avoiding irritants can help to reduce or eliminate acne, according to the Mayo Clinic. The Mayo Clinic advises against using oily or greasy sunscreens, cosmetics, hairstyling products or acne concealers. Using oily or greasy products can clog pores and contribute to more acne. Using products that are labeled "noncomedogenic" or "water based" can help tokeep pores from becoming clogged, according to the Mayo Clinic. Keep your face and hair clean. Oily skin and hair also can lead to acne and clogged pores. Resist touching your face, as this can transfer dirt, bacteria and other materials that can worsen acne. Popping, picking or squeezing acne can cause your acne to become inflamed and aggravated--and, it can contribute to scarring.

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