Recurring acne is frustrating and embarrassing. When one pimple starts to heal, another forms. Although acne is most common in adolescence, people of every age can experience acne. Hormones play a big role in its formation--which is why it's also associated with PMS, pregnancy and birth control pills. Because recurrent acne can have serious emotional and physical consequences, it's important to understand what it is and how it can be treated.
According to Acne.org, recurrent acne is when the normal pores on the skin become repeatedly clogged with oil. Hormonal changes cause oil production to increase, making pores more likely to be blocked. Sometimes bacteria grow inside the pore, causing irritation and infection. Acne can appear in many forms and ranges from mild to severe. Mild, recurrent acne includes whiteheads and blackheads. Severe recurrent acne refers to papules, pustules, nodules and cysts.
Mayoclinic.com says that it's most common for teenagers to experience acne, although it can occur in any age. Acne is caused by increased oil production due to hormone fluctuations and bacteria buildup. Chocolate and greasy foods don't cause acne. However, poor nutrition may play a role in acne formation. Over-washing and scrubbing can irritate skin and worsen acne; stress can increase oil production and lead to acne.
Familydoctor.org says there are several over-the-counter products that treat acne. They come in the form of gels, facial cleansers, spot treatments and soaps. The most common ingredients found in these products are benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. Both of these medications reduce oil production and destroy bacteria. A gentle facial wash should be used for recurrent acne, followed by a topical acne treatment and an oil-free moisturizer.
When home treatments fail to work, consult a dermatologist. As Skincarephysicians.com says, a doctor or dermatologist may prescribe a topical treatment that can be applied to the skin, or a dermatologist may prescribe an antibiotic or birth control pill. He may even choose to use a combination of these methods. To treat severe forms of recurrent acne, such as cysts, the dermatologist may choose to inject the cyst with corticosteroid.
To prevent recurrent acne,washing your face daily with a gentle cleanser. Avoid scrubs, masks and toners that can irritate the skin and make it worse. Don't use any oil-based products, especially on the face. Make sure all makeup is labeled non-comedogenic, which means it won't clog pores. Keep your hands and hair away from your face. Skin and hair oil can cause acne. Never pick or pop pimples. This can cause infection and worsen inflammation.
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