Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Pore Reduction Skin Care

Overview

Pores serve the function of hair growth and they allow protective oils to reach the top layers of the epidermis. However, these significant little dips in your skin become a burden when stretched beyond their natural size.

Identification

If you have small pores, you've probably never paid much attention to them, since small pores make the skin appear tight and youthful. However, enlarged pores can resemble the peel of an orange, potholes or pits. Thicker areas of the face that are prone to oiliness often have the most visible pores.

Causes

Excess oil, debris and dead skin cells can all clog your pores. According to Derma Doctor, blackheads clog the pores and the sebaceous glands continue to produce sebum oil behind the blackhead, which expands the diameter of the pore. As your skin ages, it also produces less collagen and loses its elasticity. Clogged pores are stretched beyond their natural size and this loss of elasticity does not allow skin to spring back to its natural state once the pore is unclogged. Additional causes of enlarged pores are sun damage and genetics.

Treatment

Several products on the market target the reduction of the size of pores; however, according to Radiant Skin Clinic, since pore size is genetic, it cannot be changed. It is still possible to reduce the appearance of your pores, and making an appointment with a dermatologist is the best way to reduce the appearance of your pores. Two popular treatment options for pores are chemical peels and microdermabrasion. Chemical peels use an acidic solution to remove top layers of the epidermis. According to Consumer Guide to Plastic Surgery, a chemical peel may use one chemical or a combination, depending on the results you are seeking. Microdermabrasion uses fine crystals to slough away dead skin cells. Since both options remove layers of the skin that have dead cells present, this will decrease the depth of the pore, making it less noticeable.

Prevention

To prevent enlarged pores, it's important to have a daily skin care regimen to keep your pores unclogged. Use an oil-free facial wash twice per day to prevent excess oil from remaining on the skin. In addition to daily washes, exfoliate your skin with an over-the-counter microdermabrasion or facial scrub in order to remove dead skin cells from the surface. The results of an at-home exfoliation treatment are not as significant as when done by a professional, but they can still prevent the pores from appearing enlarged. Apply a facial moisturizer that includes a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 to prevent sun damage.

Warning

If you have sensitive skin in addition to enlarged pores, do not attempt to treat the problem yourself, since at-home exfoliating products can cause irritation to the skin. Enlarged pores can cause significant self-esteem issues, so if your attempts to reduce their appearance at home have failed, seek help from a licensed professional.

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