Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Perioral Acne Explained

Overview

The term "perioral" refers to the area around your mouth. Perioral acne, more commonly called perioral dermatitis, is a facial skin condition that affects the area around your mouth, chin and nose. Perioral acne acts more like eczema or rosacea, both chronic skin conditions, than other forms of acne because the symptoms can be long-lasting and sometimes difficult to treat.

Population Affected

Perioral acne is a common condition that affects mostly younger women, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Children may develop symptoms, but this form of dermatitis is not considered to be a common childhood disease. The AAD also states that men rarely develop the facial rash.

Causes

The exact cause of perioral dermatitis is not clear, according to Dermnet NZ, an information portal associated with the New Zealand Dermatological Society. Women who have greasy skin are more likely to develop the rash. Remnants of facial moisturizers that remain in the skin folds near the chin and nose, as well as a lack of personal hygiene--not washing your face--may play a role. Dermnet NZ acknowledges that topical steroid use also increases the likelihood of developing symptoms of perioral dermatitis.

Symptoms

Symptoms of perioral acne include red, raised, blistering acne-like bumps that appear above the upper lip, across the chin and around the lower half of the nose. Some people may develop the rash around the eyes as well. The bumps can burn and itch and may come and go for long periods of time, lasting as long as years in some cases. The eruptions may peel or leak fluids.

Diagnosis

The American College of Osteopathic Dermatology explains that diagnosis of perioral acne is usually through visual inspection only. Your doctor may take a sample of tissue to rule out bacterial or fungal infection, which may require a different treatment regimen to help the bumps heal.

Treatment

Unlike conventional treatments for acne, topical creams and ointments will not cure perioral dermatitis. To the contrary, over-the-counter acne medications containing salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide or steroids may intensify inflammation instead of reducing redness and swelling. Dermnet NZ recommends washing your face with warm water only; add soap back into your cleansing routine once the rash has disappeared. Long-term treatment with oral antibiotic drugs are prescribed, similar to systemic treatments for hormonal acne, for periods of up to three months in severe cases.

Related Articles

How to Treat Facial Acne With Potash
Overview According to "Foundations of Nursing," potash is a mixture of salt and tree ashes that is u...
How to Make Homemade Acne Facial Wash
Overview Acne is a common skin condition affecting both males and females and can occur at any age. ...
How to Make a Facial Mask for Acne
Overview Acne, a condition that causes the pores to produce more oils than the skin needs, can inter...
Facial Acne Extraction
Overview When most people think of acne treatments, they envision the sea of products at the drugsto...
Shaving and Facial Acne
Overview When persistent blemishes appear in the form of acne, often on facial skin, the problem can...
How to Cure Facial Acne
Overview Although acne is not a life-threatening disease, sufferers often experience embarrassment, ...

Comment «Perioral Acne Explained»