Mild Adult Acne
Adult acne is caused similarly to teen acne, when oil glands become overactive and pores become clogged, according to MyFDA.org. Once you understand what type of products to use to treat your condition, you'll be well on your way to becoming acne-free.
Identifying the type of acne you suffer from will determine which type of product to use. According to the Mayo Clinic, there are different types of acne. Blackheads and whiteheads are medically referred to as comedones, which seem to be the most common type of acne. Postules and papules produce small, red bumps that are often tender to the touch. Nodules and cysts are more severe in their characteristics. Both are formed deep below the surface level of skin and are filled with thick, yellow fluid. Cysts are often referred to as being boil-like.
Once you have identified the type of acne you suffer from, choosing the correct treatment option is imperative to eliminate your skin condition. The Mayo Clinic refers to benzoyl peroxide as being one of the best active ingredients on the market. Benzoyl peroxide works best for pimples, also known as postules and papules. The Mayo Clinic refers to salicylic acid when it comes to breaking down blackheads and whiteheads. For those who may be suffering from acne scars, the Mayo Clinic recommends alpha hydroxy acids since they aid in the appearance of acne scars by stimulating new, smoother skin growth.
Benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid may cause dry skin. Benzoyl peroxide is available in stronger strengths than salicylic acid, so pay close attention to your skin condition as you use products containing benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide strengths start at 2.5 percent and go up to 10 percent, whereas salicylic acid strengths range from 0.5 to 2 percent. Benzoyl peroxide may also cause scaling, skin irritation and redness.
Depending upon your skin type and the type of acne cleanser you choose, you may or may not need a moisturizer. If you do need to moisturize, choose an oil-free or water-based moisturizer to prevent your pores from clogging. You may also need to use more than one type of product for your skin if you suffer from different types of acne. The Mayo Clinic advises using only one product at a time, so use one in the morning and the other product before bed. This will help eliminate risk of side effects such as skin irritation.
The Mayo Clinic recommends using the same product or products for eight weeks before fully deciding if the product is treating your acne. If your acne does clear up or get better within that time frame, consider switching to a different type of cleanser or increasing the dosage strength. If your acne is so severe that it leaves scars, you may need to see your dermatologist, who can recommend different treatment options or prescribe an antibiotic, if your acne is caused by bacteria.
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