Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Medical Ways to Get Rid of Pimples

Medical Ways to Get Rid of Pimples Medical Ways to Get Rid of Pimples Medical Ways to Get Rid of Pimples

Pimples are caused by infection from a bacteria called P. acnes. The bacteria feed on the natural oil produced by the oil glands on your face. Acne occurs when your pores become clogged with skin cells and oil, providing a feeding ground for the bacteria, and leading to infections and pimples. There are a number of acne medications available to treat current acne lesions and prevent future breakouts.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is an over the counter acne medication that is found in a range of acne products. It is generally used to treat milder forms of acne. Salicylic acid helps to control blackheads and whiteheads by controlling the amount of oil on the skin and preventing buildup of excess skin cells. The acid also helps reduce the size of pores to prevent future buildup.

Those with milder forms of acne should use salicylic acid as it is gentler on the skin than other acne medications. Choose an acne formula with a low concentration of salicylic acid, and decrease the frequency of use if skin irritation occurs.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is an over the counter acne medication that can be used to treat mild to severe cases of acne. It works by helping to kill the P. acnes bacteria. Upon contact with your skin, benzoyl peroxide turns into benzoic acid and oxygen. The benzoic acid helps dry the skin while oxygen kills the acne bacteria.

Benzoyl peroxide is found in a number of acne products, including cleansers and spot treatments. Although various dose concentrations of benzoyl peroxide are available in different products, you should always use a low dose to avoid skin irritation. In a 2009 study published in Expert Opinion of Pharmacotherapy, Dr. Sagransky tested the efficacy of 2.5, 5, and 10 percent concentrations of benzoyl peroxide on their ability to kill acne. He found that low concentrations of benzoyl peroxide were just as effective at treating acne, but resulted in less skin irritation.

Consult a doctor before using benzoyl peroxide in combination with other acne medication to avoid adverse reactions.

Accutane

Accutane is a prescription medication used to treat very severe forms of acne that do not respond to other medications. It is sometimes seen as a last resort since the medication has many side effects, but it also one of the most effective acne medications. If Accutane is prescribed, you are usually put on a 16 to 20 week course of medication, which may be repeated if acne persists. Accutane cures about 60 percent of severe acne cases within one course of treatment, and many patients have long-term remission of acne.

The side effects of Accutane include extremely dry skin, nosebleeds, moodiness and depression. Accutane also makes your skin extremely sensitive to the sun, so high-SPF sunblock must be worn daily.

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