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Lotions to Reduce Brown Spots on Legs

Lotions to Reduce Brown Spots on Legs Lotions to Reduce Brown Spots on Legs

As you age brown spots, also called age spots or liver spots, may appear on your legs or other body parts. Age spots, medically termed solar lentigines, are an accumulation of the skin pigment melatonin---the tanning pigment on the top layer of skin or epidermis. Age spots are the result of overexposure to the sun. Lotions containing the substances hydroquinone, kojic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, tretinoin and retinal are thought to be effective agents against brown spots on the legs.

Lotions Containing Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone is considered the best treatment for age spots by dermatologists, according to Harvard Health Publications. After applying a lotion with hydroquinone for 4 to 6 weeks, you can expect to see positive results on your legs. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration banned hydroquinone from being sold over-the-counter due to investigations indicating a risk of cancer in rats and mice. However, no evidence, thus far, points to a link between cancer and hydroquinone in humans. Side effects include redness and irritation.

Lotions Containing Kojic Acid

These flat, black brown or gray spots on your legs may be lightened by a lotion containing kojic acid. This current remedy for lentigines was discovered in 1989 and has effects similar to hydroquinone, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Kojic acid, derived from a fungus, can lighten brown spots by hindering melanin production.

Lotions Containing Alpha Hydroxy Acid

Alpha hydroxy acid is an increasingly popular treatment for brown spots. It is found in more than 200 skin care products. Alpha hydroxy acid helps remove dead skin cells to reduce unwanted age spots on the legs. The University of Maryland Medical Center reports that most alpha hydroxy acid skin care products contain glycolic acid. Lotions containing alpha hydroxy acid may cause mild skin irritation and sun sensitivity.

Lotions Containing Tretinoin

Tretinoin, derived from vitamin A, was first approved as an acne treatment, but is now used to reduce liver spots on photoaged or sun damaged skin. In fact, it is the only topical medication approved to treat photoaging, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center. You can expect to wait 2 to 6 months to see the reduction of brown spots on your legs, and it may cause redness, scaling and itching. It is best to apply lotions with tretinoin at night due to an increased risk of sun sensitivity. Tretinoin is sold under the brand names Retin-A, Renova and Avita.

Lotions Containing Retinol

If your skin is sensitive, a lotion containing retinol--another vitamin A composed treatment--may be a good choice to decrease brown spots on your legs. In high enough concentrations, retinol can be as effective as tretinoin to improve the appearance of lentigines, and with fewer side effects, according the University of Maryland Medical Center.

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