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How to Treat Keloid Scars

How to Treat Keloid Scars


Keloids result when scar tissue continues to grow after a wound has sufficiently healed, resulting in a lumpy or ridged mass of tissue that forms above the skin's surface. Experts at the Mayo Clinic state that it is unclear why some groups of people get keloids; however, those with a family history of keloids are more at risk for this type of scarring, as are people with dark skin. Keloids are stubborn scars that have the propensity to reoccur, even after medical treatment. To completely treat keloid scars, more than one method may be necessary.

Step 1

Schedule an appointment with your doctor if you wish to have keloid scars removed. The National Institutes of Health reports that keloids don't pose a threat to your health, but they can affect your cosmetic appearance. They may also be itchy and tender.

Step 2

Get the scoop on how keloid scars are commonly treated. Medical experts at the Mayo Clinic indicate that treatments include corticosteroid injections delivered directly into the keloid; surgical excision by scalpel, laser or electrosection; and cryotherapy (freezing).

Step 3

Follow the treatment protocol recommended by your doctor--and have patience. For example, if corticosteroid injections are recommended, you may have three to four treatments spaced at one-month intervals (Mayo Clinic experts state this method is effective in treating up to 90 percent of small keloid scars). But if injection therapy isn't successful, be prepared to address keloids with another treatment recommended by your doctor--which is usually surgical removal.

Step 4

Prevent future keloid scars from forming by taking preventive measures. According to experts at the Mayo Clinic, if you're prone to keloid formation, the most important thing to do is avoid injury to your skin--this includes avoiding piercings and other forms of body modification.

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