How to Treat Chin Acne
Whether it has small blackheads and whiteheads or full-blown pustules or cysts, the chin is one area of the face that can be prone to acne. These acne outbreaks can occur on the chin when excess sebum oil combines with dead skin cells to block the follicles on your skin. Depending on how severe the acne is that is present, you have several options to treat your chin acne.
Adjust the ways you wear makeup. Many makeup brands contain comedogenic oils and ingredients, meaning that they have the ability to cause or aggravate acne. Habits, such as removing your makeup before you go to bed or wearing minimal makeup, can help reduce chin acne. Finding non-comedogenic makeup brands can also help prevent acne on your chin in the future.
Apply an over-the-counter (OTC) salicylic acid product to your chin. Salicylic acid is a keratolytic medication, meaning it has the ability to break down a protein called keratin. Keratin make up a large portion of your skin cells. When salicylic acid is applied to your chin, it attacks the keratin in the plugged follicles, helping clear up the acne.
Apply an OTC benzoyl peroxide product to your chin. Benzoyl peroxide is an antimicrobial medication. More severe cases of inflammatory acne on the chin are often contributed to by a bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes). This bacteria is unable to survive in environments with a high oxygen content. When applied to the chin, benzoyl peroxide penetrates clogged pores and introduces a fatal dose of oxygen to the bacteria.
Apply a topical retinoid to your chin. Topical retinoids, such as adapalene and tretinoin, work by unclogging the pores of your chin and preventing future outbreaks of acne, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Oral retinoids can also be used for more serious chronic cases of chin acne, such as isotretinoin.
Talk to your doctor about a course of topical antibiotics. Serious inflammatory cases of acne on the chin may need a course of prescription antibiotics, such as erythromycin or clindamycin, to help reduce colonies of the P. acne bacteria and relieve inflammation. These treatments are often accompanied by other antimicrobials, such as benzoyl peroxide, to limit the risk of bacterial resistance against the antibiotic.
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