How to Treat a Keloid Scar in a Child
A keloid is a scar that is raised and forms a bump over the area where a skin injury occurred. They develop because scar tissue keeps forming even after a wound is healed. They can form after any type of skin injury, including cuts, burns, bites and surgical incisions, according to the Hershey Medical Center at Penn State University. Anyone can develop a keloid, but they are most common in African-Americans and young women. They also can run in families. Once a person has developed a keloid scar, he is more likely to develop another.
Clean and bandage cuts immediately when your child is hurt. Immediate attention to skin wounds can help prevent scarring, according to New York University's Langone Medical Center.
Monitor the healing of your child's skin wound to make sure it is healing well and not infected. Contact your child's doctor if the wound appears infected or is not healing well.
Tell your child not to pick at the scab while a wound is healing, the Hershey Medical Center advises. This can help prevent scarring, which can prevent a keloid in a child prone to the scars.
Consult with your child's doctor if a keloid scar forms despite your efforts. He can advise you of potential treatment to reduce the appearance of the scar.
Ask your child's doctor for a medication called imiquimod cream if he has to undergo a surgical procedure. This cream can be used to reduce the appearance of keloids that develop after surgery, according to MedlinePlus.
Inform your child that, when she gets older, getting a tattoo, undergoing elective cosmetic surgery or getting a body piercing---even an ear piercing---may result in a keloid scar. Because people who develop one keloid are at risk for developing more, these activities should be avoided to prevent the scars, Langone Medical Center advises.
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