How to Remove Facial Blackheads
According to Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia, blackheads---also known as open comedones---occur when skin pores become clogged. Oil, dead skin cells and bacteria form plugs in the pores, making the pores larger. Because these plugs are exposed to air, oxygenation makes them turn black, says dermatologist Audrey Kunin on DermaDoctor.com. Though pretty common, blackheads can still be annoying and potentially damaging to your skin if left untreated, since they can permanently widen your pores or leave behind scars. Luckily, there are ways to remove facial blackheads, so you don't have to live with those annoying spots any longer.
Wash your face with a gentle cleanser every morning and night. This will remove dirt, oil, makeup, dead skin cells and any other debris that may have accumulated and prevent new blackheads from forming. Splash your face with cold water after cleansing to close and tighten your pores.
Use a moisturizer twice a day to nourish your skin. Make sure it contains SPF 15 or higher to prevent sun damage and pores from getting bigger. Sun exposure makes pores expand and increases your chances of developing blackheads, so it's best to avoid sun when trying to eliminate your breakouts.
Exfoliate your skin a couple of times a week with a facial scrub or mild chemical peel. This will strip away dead skin cells and help unclog pores. It may take several weeks for you to see a reduction of blackheads, but with consistent treatment, you will see results.
Use a prescription medication such as Retin-A to slough off the top layer of skin and unclog your pores. A form of retinoids, Retin-A is derived from vitamin A and works to unclog pores over time by helping your skin shed dead cells and encouraging collagen production. Be certain to moisturize after using this medication, however, to prevent your skin from becoming too dry and making blackheads worse.
Manually remove blackheads by applying an astringent to the area, covering your fingers in cotton, pressing down around the blackhead and then gently squeezing it up. This will help the plug pop out. You can open the pore and make extraction easier by first applying a warm washcloth to the area for several minutes. Do not pick or poke at blackheads with your nails or unprotected fingers, as this can make blackheads worse and lead to scarring.
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