How to Make Large Pores Smaller
Large pores can have many different causes, including aging, sun exposure without protection, oily skin, heredity and seborrhea, a common skin problem that comes along with an itchy rash and white scales. Blackheads can draw further attention to large pores.So can having facial oil and remnants of skin cells around the pores' edges, which make pores look bigger. There are several steps you can take to care for enlarged pores, either at home or at a dermatologist's office.
Keep your skin clean, but don't overdo it. Cleanse twice a day with a gentle soap, or sorbolene if you are sensitive to soap, to remove excess skin oil and impurities that can block and enlarge pores. You can also opt for a face wash that has added retinol or vitamin C. Such antioxidants may aid in increasing skin collagen.
Skip the toner unless you have very oily skin. Those with dry or normal skin do not need them. Many toners claim to tighten and reduce the size of pores. However, according to Australia's Children, Youth, Women's and Health Services, research does not back such claims. In fact, many such products are too harsh on your skin. While a toner will remove excess oil from your skin, soap and water will do the same thing. People who have skin that is still oily after washing should try toners to remove the excess oil. Your skin needs to feel soft and smooth after use rather than dry or tight, advises Susan C. Taylor, author of "Brown Skin: Dr. Susan Taylor's Prescription for Flawless Skin, Hair and Nails." Taylor recommends products that don't include alcohol or witch hazel.
Exfoliate your skin to remove dead skin cells that can magnify the appearance of your pores. Choose a gentle product and use it one or two times a week to keep your pores debris-free.
Try an over-the-counter peel if you do not have very sensitive skin. Also consider using a facial cream that contains benzoyl peroxide to remove oil and dead skin or salicylic acid to prevent clogging pores. Products with vitamin C can help prevent your pores from stretching because they promote collagen production. Topical retinoids also may increase collagen production while reducing oil, advises Joshua L. Fox, MD, FAAD, a spokesman for the American Academy of Dermatology and medical director at Advanced Dermatology PC of New York.
Be careful with your skin--wear sunscreen and moisturize. Scrubbing too hard can enlarge your pores, advises Dr. Fox. Wearing sunscreen is vital because sun damage is one cause of enlarged pores. Moisturizing helps to keep the skin supple and more resilient, advises Australia's Children, Youth, Women's and Health Services.
Consider options with your dermatologist. She may recommend microdermabrasion, which is used to buff away the top layer of your skin, laser resurfacing to remove dead skin and stimulate collagen, or a chemical peel.
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