How to Get Rid of Pigmentation Marks on the Face
Pigmentation marks on the face are generally caused by sun damage, oral contraceptives, pregnancy or a photoxic reaction to scented products, states the New Zealand Dermatological Society. Treating pigmentation marks, also known as melasma or chloasma, requires a visit to your dermatologist, who can best ascertain which of many methods is most appropriate for your condition. Not all treatments require a prescription, but the color and size of the pigmentation make some methods more successful.
Use a bleaching cream. Bleaching creams come in natural, non-prescription and prescription strengths. The prescription creams include hydroquinone, which may not be appropriate if you are pregnant or nursing. Tretinoins also have bleaching properties and may be prescribed by your dermatologist, depending on your condition. You must also use sunscreen when using either of these creams.
Schedule laser treatments. They typically require a number of visits, depending on the color and size of the pigmentation mark. Laser is typically not covered by insurance, so it can be expensive. However, it is relatively pain-free and has minimal side effects.
Ask your dermatologist about cryotherapy. Freezing the area is typically best for small age spots, or a small group that is clustered in one area. Cryotherapy carrries a small risk of scarring permanently or discoloring the area further.
Get dermabrasion treatment, also known as facial rejuvenation. The American Academy of Dermatology states that dermabrasion, where the outer skin layers are sanded off, is an effective treatment for age or sun spots. Dermabrasion causes swelling, redness and scabbing in most cases.
Try a chemical peel. A chemical peel uses acid to burn off the outer layers of skin. Peels come in a variety of concentrations. The lightest concentration requires multiple applications to see results. However, the heaviest concentration can cause redness and scabbing.
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