How to Get Rid of Facial Brown Spots
Sun exposure, as well as aging and other factors, can cause brown spots, or age spots, to form on your skin. Age spots are areas of hyper-pigmented skin that may appear on the face, hands, feet and body of people over 40, says the National Institutes of Health. Though treatment remains the same wherever the spots appear on your body, you may feel more inclined to treat spots on the face due to their visibility and effect on your appearance. If you do decide to treat age spots on your face, there are several different treatment options available.
Sand down your brown spots with dermabrasion treatments. Dermabrasion uses a
small wheel covered in extremely fine diamond dust to sand down hyper-pigmented skin. It may take between five to 10 dermabrasion treatments to eliminate age spots.
Freeze the affected area to eliminate brown spots. Cryotherapy uses a nitrogen-filled probe to destroy hyper-pigmented skin. The nitrogen, cooled to -20 degrees Celsius, causes existing skin cells to die and leads to the formation of newer, healthier skin cells. In her book "Your Best Face," Dr. Brandith Irwin warns that cryotherapy can sometimes cause white spots to develop on the skin.
Burn age spots away with a chemical peel. In a chemical peel, your dermatologist will apply one or more chemicals directly to your face to burn away several layers of damaged skin. Recovery time varies depending on how deep the peel, but you can anticipate two to three days of redness and inflammation.
Remove your age spots with laser treatments. Laser treatments eradicate the melanin-producing cells that cause excess pigment in the skin. Depending on the number and color of your age spots, each treatment will last anywhere from 15 minutes to one hour, and you may require three to five treatments to achieve the desired results. You can expect some swelling and redness following a laser treatment, though this should go away completely within a week.
Erase your brown spots with skin-lightening medication. Ask your dermatologist to prescribe a skin lightener containing hydroquinone to fade brown spots to the point of nonexistence. Hydroquinone does not actually lighten the skin, but blocks pigment production in new skin cells. While this treatment may prove effective, according to MayoClinic.com, it may take several months to work.
Destroy brown spots with Intense Pulsed Light therapy (IPL). An IPL is a laser-like device that works to eliminate brown spots using light energy. While you will likely require several IPL treatments to eradicate age spots, New York dermatologist Dr. Hilary Reich says that you should notice a significant improvement in your skin within two weeks.
Fade facial brown spots at home using lemon juice or apple cider vinegar, says ReadersDigest.com. Apply lemon juice directly to facial brown spots for 10 minutes at a time until brown spots fade away. If you choose apple-cider vinegar instead, apply with a cotton ball twice daily for 15 minutes until brown spots fade or disappear. While these methods are inexpensive, it may take several weeks before noticing any effect on facial brown spots.
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