Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

How to Fade Dark Spots

How to Fade Dark Spots How to Fade Dark Spots

Overview

As a person ages, it isn't uncommon for dark spots to develop on the skin. These dark spots are commonly called age spots or solar lentigines. They develop when melanin within the epidermis stick together. Repeated sun exposure is the most common cause of age spots, but you may also develop these clusters of melanin as a result of aging. The Mayo Clinic explains that the body can produce increased amounts of this compound as a person ages. Eventually, the melanin clumps together to form the age spots. To fade these dark spots, treatment usually revolves around topical medications and procedures.

Step 1

Use a topical fade cream. Over-the-counter fade creams containing kolic acid, glycolic acid, deoxyarbutin or hydroquinone are the most effective, according to the Mayo Clinic. When used daily, lighter age spots can diminish in a matter of months. For darker spots, other forms of treatment are often necessary.

Step 2

Try a topical prescription. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends this form of treatment over nonprescription creams. These creams usually couple a higher concentration of hydroquinone with a topical retinoid or a topical steroid. Application each day can gradually reduce the signs of age spots over a course of several months, advises the Mayo Clinic.

Step 3

Consider dermabrasion. Dermabrasion is a form of skin rejuvenation that removes the topmost layer of your skin with a rotating brush. The Mayo Clinic states that the healing process stimulates the growth of new skin cells. These new skin cells lack the clusters of melanin, causing the ages spots to diminish in appearance.

Step 4

Talk to your doctor about cryotherapy, urges the Cleveland Clinic. Cryotherapy freezes the age spots with liquid nitrogen, which helps to destroy the clustered melanin. Much like with dermabrasion, the healing process lightens the age spots.

Step 5

Ask your dermatologist about a chemical peel. This is another form of skin rejuvenation. In this procedure, an acidic agent is applied to the skin, which causes it to peel. As the area heals, new skin develops that lacks the extra melanin responsible for the age spots.

Step 6

Destroy the extra melanin with laser therapy, recommends both the Cleveland and Mayo Clinics. When the skin is exposed to laser light, the melanin absorbs the energy, which increases its temperature and destroys its structure. Over time, the age spots fade from the skin.

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